ఇజ్రాయెల్ యొక్క నేషనల్ లైబ్రరీ

వికీపీడియా నుండి
ఇక్కడికి గెంతు: మార్గసూచీ, వెతుకు

Coordinates: 31°46′33.01″N 35°11′48.58″E / 31.7758361°N 35.1968278°E / 31.7758361; 35.1968278

The National Library of Israel building - Amitay Katz.jpg

ఇజ్రాయెల్ యొక్క నేషనల్ లైబ్రరీ ఉంది ఇస్రేల్ యొక్క దేశం యొక్క జాతీయ లైబ్రరీ.

చరిత్ర[మార్చు]

The B'nai Brith library, founded in Jerusalem in 1892, was the first public library in Palestine to serve the Jewish community. The library was located on B'nai Brith street, between the Meah Shearim neighborhood and the Russian Compound.[1] Ten years later, the Midrash Abrabanel library, as it was then known, moved to Ethiopia Street.[2] In 1920, when plans were drawn up for the Hebrew University, the B'nai Brith collection became the basis for a university library. The books were moved to Mount Scopus when the university opened five years later.[1]

In 1948, when access to the university campus on Mount Scopus was blocked, most of the books were moved to the university's temporary quarters in the Terra Sancta building in Rehavia. By that time, the university collection included over one million books. For lack of space, some of the books were placed in storerooms around the city. In 1960, they were moved to the new JNUL building in Givat Ram.[1]

In the late 1970s, when the new university complex on Mount Scopus was inaugurated and the faculties of Law, Humanities and Social Science returned there, departmental libraries opened on that campus and the number of visitors to the Givat Ram library dropped. In the 1990s, the building suffered from maintenance problems such as rainwater leaks and insect infestation.[1]

In 2007 the library was officially recognised as The National Library of the State of Israel after the passage of the National Library Law.[1] The law, which came into effect on 23 July 2008, changed the library's name to "National Library of Israel" and turned it temporarily to a subsidiary company of the University, later to become a fully independent community interest company, jointly owned by the Government of Israel (50%), the Hebrew University (25%) and other organizations.

In 2011, the library launched a website granting public access to books, periodicals, maps, photos and music from its collections.[3]

మూలాలు[మార్చు]

బయటి లింకులు[మార్చు]

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వికీమీడియా కామన్స్‌లో కి సంబంధించిన మీడియా ఉంది.