ప్లాటిసెర్సినాయె

వికీపీడియా నుండి
ఇక్కడికి గెంతు: మార్గసూచీ, వెతుకు
Platycercinae
A pair of Red-rumped Parrots
శాస్త్రీయ వర్గీకరణ
రాజ్యం: Animalia
విభాగం: Chordata
తరగతి: Aves
క్రమం: Psittaciformes
కుటుంబం: Psittacidae
ఉప కుటుంబం: Psittacinae
జాతి: Platycercini
Genera

Prosopeia
Eunymphicus
Cyanoramphus
Platycercus
Barnardius
Purpureicephalus
Lathamus
Northiella
Psephotus
Neopsephotus
Neophema
Melopsittacus
Pezoporus

A broad-tailed parrot is any of about 35–40 species belonging to the tribe Platycercini, sometimes considered a subfamily (Platycercinae). The members of the subfamily are small to medium in size, and all are native to Australasia, Australia in particular, but also New Zealand, New Caledonia, and nearby islands.

Current opinion is apparently starting to lean towards treatment as a subfamily. mtDNA sequence data suggests that the broad-tailed parrots form a distinct lineage as ancient as the cockatoos, lories and lorikeets. In addition, the genus Polytelis (and conceivably Alisterus and Aprosmictus also) might belong here too.[1]

If the group is treated as a subfamily, the last genera Neopsephotus/Neophema (and possibly including Psephotus and relatives), Melopsittacus and Pezoporus are usually considered to form a distinct tribe from the rest, the Neophemini. It appears as if they do at least form a distinct clade.[1]

An Adult Crimson Rosella

TRIBE PLATYCERCINI

  • Genus Barnardius - sometimes included in Platycercus
  • Genus Northiella - often included in Psephotus

The following genera are traditionally placed in this tribe, but this inclusion is either incorrect (Budgerigar) or at least doubtfull based on by molecular studies.[2][3][4][5] The closest relatives of the Budgerigar are the lories and lorikeets.[2][3][4][5] The genera Neopsephotus, Neophema and Pezoporus form a separate clade[2][4][6] and might be closer related to the clade consisting of the genera Agapornis, Loriculus, and Bolbopsittacus.[2]

  • Genus Melopsittacus
  • Genus Neopsephotus - sometimes included in Neophema

References[మార్చు]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Miyaki, C. Y.; Matioli, S. R.; Burke, T. & Wajntal, A. (1998). "Parrot evolution and paleogeographical events: Mitochondrial DNA evidence". Molecular Biology and Evolution 15 (5): 544–551. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Wright, T.F.; Schirtzinger E. E., Matsumoto T., Eberhard J. R., Graves G. R., Sanchez J. J., Capelli S., Muller H., Scharpegge J., Chambers G. K. & Fleischer R. C. (2008). "A Multilocus Molecular Phylogeny of the Parrots (Psittaciformes): Support for a Gondwanan Origin during the Cretaceous". Mol Biol Evol 25 (10): 2141–2156. doi:10.1093/molbev/msn160. PMC 2727385. PMID 18653733. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Christidis, L., L.; R. Schodde, D. D. Shaw, and S. F. Maynes. (1991). "Christidis, L., R. Schodde, D. D. Shaw, and S. F. Maynes. 1991. Relationships among the Australo-Papuan parrots, lorikeets, and cockatoos (Aves, Psittaciformes) - protein evidence.". Condor 93: 302–317. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 de Kloet, RS; de Kloet SR (2005). "The evolution of the spindlin gene in birds: Sequence analysis of an intron of the spindlin W and Z gene reveals four major divisions of the Psittaciformes". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36 (3): 706–721. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.03.013. PMID 16099384. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Tokita, M; Kiyoshi T and Armstrong KN (2007). "Evolution of craniofacial novelty in parrots through developmental modularity and heterochrony". Evolution & Development 9: 590–601. 
  6. "Molecular phylogenetic relationships of the Night Parrot (Geopsittacus occidentalis) and the Ground Parrot (Pezoporus wallicus)". Auk 111 (4): 833–843. 1994.  |coauthors= requires |author= (సహాయం)

మూస:Parrot-stub