మార్గరెట్ థాచర్

వికీపీడియా నుండి
ఇక్కడికి గెంతు: మార్గసూచీ, వెతుకు
The Right Honourable
The Baroness Thatcher
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Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office
4 May 1979 – 28 November 1990
Monarch Elizabeth II
Deputy William Whitelaw
Geoffrey Howe
Preceded by James Callaghan
Succeeded by John Major
Leader of the Opposition
In office
11 February 1975 – 4 May 1979
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister Harold Wilson
James Callaghan
Preceded by Edward Heath
Succeeded by James Callaghan
Leader of the Conservative Party
In office
11 February 1975 – 28 November 1990
Preceded by Edward Heath
Succeeded by John Major
Secretary of State for Education and Science
In office
20 June 1970 – 4 March 1974
Prime Minister Edward Heath
Preceded by Edward Short
Succeeded by Reginald Prentice
Member of Parliament
for Finchley
In office
8 October 1959 – 9 April 1992
Preceded by John Crowder
Succeeded by Hartley Booth
వ్యక్తిగత వివరాలు
జననం Margaret Hilda Roberts
(1925-10-13)13 అక్టోబరు 1925
Grantham, Lincolnshire,
United Kingdom
మరణం ఏప్రిల్ 8, 2013(2013-04-08) (వయసు 87)
London,
United Kingdom
రాజకీయ పార్టీ Conservative
భాగస్వామి Denis Thatcher
(married 1951–2003, his death)
సంతానం Carol Thatcher
Mark Thatcher
నివాసం Chester Square
Alma mater Somerville College, Oxford
Inns of Court
వృత్తి Chemist
Lawyer
మతం Church of England
(1951-2013)[1]
Methodism (1925-1951)
సంతకం మార్గరెట్ థాచర్'s signature

మార్గరెట్ థాచర్ Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, మూస:Post-nominals, née Roberts (born 13 October 1925) ప్రముఖ బ్రిటిష్ రాజకీయ నాయకురాలు మరియు ప్రధానమంత్రి. ఈమె అత్యంత దీర్ఘకాలం (1979–1990) ఈ పదవిని నిర్వహించి చరిత్రకెక్కారు. ఈమెను ఐరన్ లేడి గా పేర్కొంటారు.

బారిస్టర్ చదవడానికి ముందు ఈమె రసాయన శాస్త్రంలో పరిశోధన చేశారు. ఈమె 1959 ఎన్నికలలో పార్లమెంటు సభ్యురలిగా ఎన్నికయ్యింది.Edward Heath appointed her Secretary of State for Education and Science in his 1970 government. In 1975 Thatcher defeated Heath in the Conservative Party leadership election and became Leader of the Opposition, as well as the first woman to lead a major political party in the United Kingdom. She became Prime Minister after winning the 1979 general election.

After entering 10 Downing Street, Thatcher introduced a series of political and economic initiatives to reverse what she perceived to be Britain's precipitous national decline.[nb 1] Her political philosophy and economic policies emphasised deregulation (particularly of the financial sector), flexible labour markets, the privatisation of state-owned companies, and reducing the power and influence of trade unions. Thatcher's popularity during her first years in office waned amid recession and high unemployment, until economic recovery and the 1982 Falklands War brought a resurgence of support, resulting in her re-election in 1983.

Thatcher was re-elected for a third term in 1987, but her Community Charge (popularly referred to as "poll tax") was widely unpopular and her views on the European Community were not shared by others in her Cabinet. She resigned as Prime Minister and party leader in November 1990, after Michael Heseltine launched a challenge to her leadership. Thatcher holds a life peerage as Baroness Thatcher, of Kesteven in the County of Lincolnshire, which entitles her to sit in the House of Lords.

మూలాలు[మార్చు]

  1. Thatcher 1995, p. 150
  2. Thatcher, Margaret (1979). "Conservative Party Manifesto 1979". Foreword. conservativemanifesto.com. Retrieved 28 July 2009. 
  1. In her foreword to the 1979 Conservative manifesto, Thatcher wrote of "a feeling of helplessness, that a once great nation has somehow fallen behind".[2]