స్త్రీ ప్రోస్ట్రేట్

వికీపీడియా నుండి
ఇక్కడికి గెంతు: మార్గసూచీ, వెతుకు
Skene's gland
Skenes gland.jpg
Skene's Gland opening is pictured.
లాటిన్ glandulae vestibulares minores
గ్రే'స్ subject #252 1213
Precursor Urogenital sinus

స్త్రీ శరీరంలో, స్కెనే గ్రంధులకు (చిన్న వెస్టిబులార్ గ్రంధులు, మూత్ర గ్రంధులు, పారా ఉరేత్రల్ గ్రంధులు, విశిష్టమైన పాత్రలు వహిస్తాయి[1] యోని బయటి గోడలలో భాగమైన యు స్పాట్, అనబదడే గ్రంధులు, తమ ఉత్పత్తులను మూత్ర నాళిక ముఖ్హద్వారం వద్దకు చేరుస్తాయి. ఇందులో బాగమే క్లిటొరిస్ కూడా. కామ ప్రేరితమైనప్పుడు ఈ గ్రంధులకు రక్త సరఫరా శీగ్రంగా జరుగుతుంది. బౌతికంగా ఈ గ్రంధులు, ముఖ్యంగా క్లిటోరిస్ పరిమాణం పెరుగుతుంది.[2]

స్ఖలనం[మార్చు]

ఆంగ్లంలో ఫీమేల్ ఎజాకులేషన్ అని పిలువబడే స్త్రీలలో కలిగే స్ఖలనానికి కారణం స్కేన్స్ గ్రంధులు.[3] క్రీ.శ. 2002, ఎమానుయల్ జన్నిని అనే ఇటలీదేశ శాస్త్రజ్గ్ఞుడు ల'అక్విల విశ్వవిధ్యాలయంలో of L'Aquila University in Italy showed that there may be an explanation both for the phenomenon and for the frequent denials of its existence. Skene's glands have highly variable anatomy, and in some extreme cases they appear to be absent entirely. If Skene's glands are the cause of female ejaculation and G-spot-orgasms, this may explain the absence in many women.[4][5]

It has been demonstrated that a large amount of lubricating fluid (filtered blood plasma[specify]) can be secreted from this gland when stimulated from inside the vagina.[6] Some reports indicate that embarrassment regarding female ejaculation, and the mistaken notion that the substance is urine, can lead to purposeful suppression of sexual climax, leading women to seek medical advice and even undergo surgery to "stop the urine".[7]

Female prostate[మార్చు]

The fluid that emerges during sex, female ejaculation has a composition somewhat similar to the semen generated in males by the prostate gland,[8] containing biochemical markers of sexual function like human protein 1[9] and the enzyme PDE5 where women without the gland had lower concentrations.[10] When examined with electron microscopy, both glands show similar secretory structures,[11] and both act similarly in terms of prostate-specific antigen and prostate-specific acid phosphatase studies.[12][13][14][15] Because they are increasingly perceived as merely different versions of the same gland, some researchers are moving away from the name Skene's gland and referring to it instead as the female prostate.[16]

Eponym[మార్చు]

The glands were named after the physician who described them first in Western medical literature, Alexander Skene.[17][18]

Disorders[మార్చు]

Disorders of or related to the Skene's gland include:

See also[మార్చు]

References[మార్చు]

  1. మూస:DorlandsDict
  2. Zaviacic M, Jakubovská V, Belosovic M, Breza J (2000). "Ultrastructure of the normal adult human female prostate gland (Skene's gland)". Anat Embryol (Berl) 201 (1): 51–61. PMID 10603093. 
  3. Rabinerson D, Horowitz E (February 2007). "[G-spot and female ejaculation: fiction or reality?]". Harefuah (Hebrewలో) 146 (2): 145–7, 163. PMID 17352286. 
  4. Jannini E, Simonelli C, Lenzi A (2002). "Sexological approach to ejaculatory dysfunction". Int J Androl 25 (6): 317–23. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2605.2002.00371.x. PMID 12406363. 
  5. Jannini E, Simonelli C, Lenzi A (2002). "Disorders of ejaculation". J Endocrinol Invest 25 (11): 1006–19. PMID 12553564. 
  6. Heath D (1984). "An investigation into the origins of a copious vaginal discharge during intercourse: "Enough to wet the bed" - that "is not urine"". J Sex Res. 20 (2): 194–215. doi:10.1080/00224498409551217. 
  7. Chalker, Rebecca (2002). The Clitoral Truth: The secret world at your fingertips. New York: Seven Stories. ISBN 1583224734. 
  8. Kratochvíl S (1994). "Orgasmic expulsions in women". Cesk Psychiatr 90 (2): 71–7. PMID 8004685. 
  9. Zaviacic, M; L Danihel, M Ruzicková, J Blazeková, Y Itoh, R Okutani, T Kawai. (March 1997). "Immunohistochemical localization of human protein 1 in the female prostate (Skene's gland) and the male prostate". Histochem J. 29 (3): 219–27. doi:10.1023/A:1026401909678. PMID 9472384. 
  10. Nicola Jones (3 July 2002). "Bigger is better when it comes to the G-Spot". New Scientist. 
  11. Zaviacic, Z; V Jakubovská, M Belosovic, J Breza. (January 2000). "Ultrastructure of the normal adult human female prostate gland (Skene's gland)". Anat Embryol (Berl). 201 (1): 51–61. PMID 10603093. సంగ్రహించిన తేదీ 2007-06-22. 
  12. Zaviacic, Z; M Ruzicková, J Jakubovský, L Danihel, P Babál, J Blazeková. (November 1994). "The significance of prostate markers in the orthology of the female prostate". Bratisl Lek Listy. 95 (11): 491–7. PMID 7533639. 
  13. Wernert, N; M Albrech, I Sesterhenn, R Goebbels, H Bonkhoff, G Seitz, R Inniger, K Remberger. (1992). "The 'female prostate': location, morphology, immunohistochemical characteristics and significance". Eur Urol. 22 (1): 64–9. PMID 1385145. 
  14. Tepper, SL; J Jagirdar, D Heath, SA Geller. (May 1984). "Homology between the female paraurethral (Skene's) glands and the prostate. Immunohistochemical demonstration". Arch Pathol Lab Med. 108 (5): 423–5. PMID 6546868. 
  15. Pollen, JJ; A. Dreilinger (March 1984). "Immunohistochemical identification of prostatic acid phosphatase and prostate specific antigen in female periurethral glands". Urology. 23 (3): 303–4. doi:10.1016/S0090-4295(84)90053-0. PMID 6199882. 
  16. Zaviacic, Z; RJ Ablin. (January 2000). "The female prostate and prostate-specific antigen. Immunohistochemical localization, implications of this prostate marker in women and reasons for using the term "prostate" in the human female". Histol Histopathol. 15 (1): 131–42. PMID 10668204. 
  17. మూస:WhoNamedIt
  18. Skene A (1880). "The anatomy and pathology of two important glands of the female urethra". Am J Obs Dis Women Child 13: 265–70. 
  19. Miranda EP, Almeida DC, Parente JM, Ribeiro GP, Scafuri AG (2008). "Surgical Treatment for Recurrent Refractory Skenitis". TheScientificWorldJOURNAL 8: 658–660. doi:10.1100/tsw.2008.92. PMID 18661053. 
  20. Gittes, RF Nakamura RM (may 1996). "Female urethral syndrome. A female prostatitis?". Western Journal of Medicine 164 (5): 435–438. PMC 1303542. PMID 8686301. 
  21. S. Gene McNeeley, MD (December 2008). "Skene's duct cyst". Merck Manuals Online Medical Library. Merck. సంగ్రహించిన తేదీ 5 March 2010. 

External links[మార్చు]


మూస:Female reproductive system