హిస్సార్

వికీపీడియా నుండి
ఇక్కడికి గెంతు: మార్గసూచీ, వెతుకు
Hisar జిల్లా
हिसार जिला
Haryana జిల్లాలు
Haryana రాష్ట్రంలో Hisar యొక్క స్థానాన్ని సూచించే పటం
దేశం భారతదేశం
రాష్ట్రం Haryana
ముఖ్యపట్టణం Hisar (city)
తాలూకాలు 1. Hisar, 2. Hansi, 3. Narnaund and 4. Adampur
ప్రభుత్వం
 • లోకసభ నియోకవర్గాలు Hisar
Area
 • మొత్తం 3,983
జనాభా (2001)
 • మొత్తం 1
 • జనసాంద్రత [[C
జనగణాంకాలు
 • అక్షరాస్యత 64.83%
వెబ్‌సైటు అధికారిక వెబ్‌సైటు

Hisar district (హిందీ: हिसार जिला) is one of the 21 districts of Haryana state, India. Hisar city serves as the district headquarters. The district is also part of Hisar division, which is headed by a commissioner who belongs to the Indian Administrative Service

Hisar was the largest district in Haryana until its reorganization. In 1966, some parts of Hisar were transferred to the newly created Jind district. In 1974, Tehsil Bhiwani and Loharu were transferred to Bhiwani district. Hisar was further bifurcated when Sirsa district was formed. Fatehabad district was later created as well.[1]

పాలన[మార్చు]

Hisar is a divisional headquarter of the Divisional Commissioner and also the headquarter of Police Range. It is also a battalion headquarter of B.S.F. 3rd Bn. H.A.P. and commando force. In order to accommodate all of these departments, a five storey District Administrative Complex was built, with the offices transferred in 1980. It adjoins the new Judiciary Complex, which is also made functional. This administrative and judiciary complex is the largest in Haryana; as a district headquarters it may be one of the largest in the country.

ప్రముఖులు[మార్చు]

In the past three centuries Hisar had also been the birthplace for great personalities, like Sardar Ishri Singh, Sardar Harji Ram, Rai Bahadur Sardar Nau Nihal Singh (honorary magistrate of Hisar pre-Independence). It is one of the most historic features along with the Gujari mahal in Hisar District. Noteworthy individuals include late Dr. Gopi Chand Bhargava the First Chief Minister of Punjab, Late O.P. Jindal, former chairperson of Jindal Industries, Subhash Chandra, Chairman Essel Group (Zee Network). He is also chairman of Indian Cricket League. Another notable individual is Yash Tonk, actor in Bollywood, alumnus of Campus School, CCSHAU.Famous theatre director Manish Joshi Bismil also belongs to Hisar, alumnus of K.L Arya DAV Public School. It is also known as the steel city because of the Jindal Stainless Steel Factories. It also produces a large amount of galvanized iron, which is the largest production in India.

Hisar is one of the five cities belonging to Indus Valley civilization. Name of this city is cited in the history books in the contexts of Indus civilization and in General knowledge books for having one of the five Sheep Farms. Its name was Banwali.

As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Haryana (out of 21), after Faridabad.[2]

Divisions[మార్చు]

Hisar
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
13
 
6
6
 
 
16
 
8
8
 
 
12
 
31
14
 
 
5.6
 
37
19
 
 
20
 
41
24
 
 
43
 
50
28
 
 
141
 
48
27
 
 
147
 
35
26
 
 
65
 
35
24
 
 
15
 
34
18
 
 
6.1
 
29
11
 
 
7.3
 
24
7
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: IMD

At present Hisar district consists of five tehsils and two sub-tehsils. The tehsils are Hisar, Hansi, Narnaund, Barwala and Adampur, and the sub-tehsils are Uklana and Bass.

Presently, Hisar district has seven Vidhan Sabha constituencies, namely, Adampur, Uklana, Narnaund, Hansi, Barwala, Hisar and Nalwa. All of these are part of Hisar Lok Sabha constituency

2001 లో గణాంకాలు[మార్చు]

విషయాలు వివరణలు
జిల్లా జనసంఖ్య . 1,742,815,[2]
ఇది దాదాపు. గాంబియా దేశ జనసంఖ్యకు సమానం.[3]
నెబ్రస్కా అమెరికాలోని. [4] నగర జనసంఖ్యకు సమం.
640 భారతదేశ జిల్లాలలో. 276వ స్థానంలో ఉంది..[2]
1చ.కి.మీ జనసాంద్రత. 438 [2]
2001-11 కుటుంబనియంత్రణ శాతం. 13.38%.[2]
స్త్రీ పురుష నిష్పత్తి. 871:1000 [2]
జాతియ సరాసరి (928) కంటే.
అక్షరాశ్యత శాతం. 73.2%.[2]
జాతియ సరాసరి (72%) కంటే.



జిల్లాలో ప్రజలు అత్యధికంగా వాడుకలో ఉన్న భాష హిరయంవి. జిల్లాలో ప్రధానంగా జట్, బిష్నోయీలు, Bishnois]], బ్రాహ్మణ, సైనీలు, బనియా (కుల), గుజ్జర్లు, Ahirs, రాజపుత్రులు, కుంహర్లు, అరోరాలు, చార్మర్, మరియు బాల్మీకీలు.[5] ప్రజలలో జాట్ ప్రజలు అధికంగా ఉన్నారు. [5] వీరిలో దేశవాలూలు మరియు బగ్రీలు అని రెండు తెగలు ఉన్నాయి. బిష్నోయీలు రాజస్థాన్ నుండి వలస వచ్చిన ప్రజలు.[5] జిల్లాలో గౌర్ మరియు బియాలు అనే రెండు వర్గాలకు చెందిన బ్రాహ్మణులు ఉన్నారు. అరోరాలలో అధికులు 1947 లో దేశ విభజన తరువాత పశ్చిమ పంజాబు నుండి వలస వచ్చిన ప్రజలు. [5]బనియాలు అగర్వాల్, ఓస్వాల్ మరియు మహేశ్వరీలుగా విడివడ్డారు. అగర్వాల్ ప్రజలు అగ్రొహ వశీయులు.[5] అగ్రొహ పట్టణం నుండి వచ్చిన వారికి భక్తి అధికం. ఓస్వాల్, మహేశ్వరీలు రాజస్థాన్ నుండి వలస వచ్చిన ప్రజలు.[5] హిస్సార్ జిల్లాలోని గుజార్ ప్రజలు రాజస్థా నుండి వచ్చి స్థిరపడిన ప్రజలు. [5]

Administrative setup of District Hisar[మార్చు]

Hisar continued to be the District Headquarters of the largest District in the state until its reorganization; some parts of it were transferred to Jind in 1966 when Jind was made a new District. Tehsil Bhiwani and Loharu estate were transferred to Bhiwani District when Bhiwani was carved out in 1974. It was further bifurcated when Sirsa become a new district entirely out of Hisar District. Now Fatehabad has been carved out of this district.

At present Hisar district consists of four tehsils and three Sub-tehsils. The tehsils are Hisar, Hansi, Narnaund and Adampur and sub tehsils are Barwala, Uklana and Bass.

Hisar is a divisional headquarters of the Divisional Commissioner and also the headquarters of Police Range. It is also a battalion Headquarters of B.S.F. 3rd Bn. H.A.P. and commando force. In order to bring under the roof of all the departments a five storied building of District Administrative Complex has been completed and offices shifted in 1980. It adjoins the new Judiciary Complex, which is also made functional.

Education[మార్చు]

Shanti Niketan Vidyapeeth,Tosham Road Ladwa - Hisar is the first institute to give the technological education in Three Year Diploma and Four Year Degree Course (B.Tech) Since 1975. Three Universities are located in Hisar district. Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University in Hisar was initially founded as a campus of the Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana. CCSHAU is one of best agriculture universities in Asia.[citation needed]Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences in Hisar has a glorious past, formidable present and a promising future for development of veterinary education and research.A statue and memorial of Lala Lajpat Rai would be set up in the campus of Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar to commemorate the memory of the great patriot. Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, founded in 1995 in Hisar, attracts students for higher education from all over the country and abroad. Hisar also have prime institute named UC MAS (Universal Concept of Mental Arithmetic System) at DLA to develop the brain of children of age 4 to 13 years. Beyond technical education the vocational training is also conducted at Hisar at Study Matrix Institute.

ఇవి కూడా చూడండి[మార్చు]

References[మార్చు]

  1. http://www.haryana-online.com/Districts/hissar.htm
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est." 
  4. "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Nebraska 1,826,341" 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 "Hisar gazeteer". Haryana Gazeteers Organisation. Retrieved 23 May 2012. 

External links[మార్చు]

మూలాలు[మార్చు]

వెలుపలి లింకులు[మార్చు]

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