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Aratinga
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Subfamily:
Tribe:
Genus:
Spix, 1824

The list of Aratinga parakeets summarises some of the key features of the Aratinga genus. The table does not include hypothetical extinct species, subspecies, and it may not include some species splits seen in some classifications. The Pacific Parakeet is not listed here as a separate species, as some consider it a subspecies of the Green Parakeet.[1] It has been suggested that the Mitred Parakeet is a cryptic species complex that includes two additional species, the Chapman's and Hocking's Parakeets.[2] Currently, most authorities do not recognize these and they are not included in the below list. For further information on these species, see the individual species' pages.

Aratinga are native to the mainland of America, Cuba, to some of the Caribbean Islands, and to various other islands. Some of the species have been introduced elsewhere.

Many of the Aratinga species are popular in aviculture. Many species are declining or becoming endangered in the wild, because of habitat loss, environment change, and trapping for the illegal trade in wild caught parrots.

ప్రజాతి అరటింగా పట్టిక జాబితా జాతులు[మార్చు]

Aratinga
Common and binomial names[3] Image Description Range
Blue-crowned Parakeet, Blue-crowned Conure, or Sharp-tailed Conure
(Aratinga acuticaudata)
GnocchiPortrait - 01.jpg
37 cm (14.5 inches) long, mostly green, white eyerings, blueish coloring on the forehead, crown, cheeks. South America, from eastern Colombia in the north to northern Argentina in the south[4][5]
Green Parakeet
(Aratinga holochlora)[1]
Green Parakeet -in tree -South Texas-8.jpg
32 cm (12 in) long, mostly green, with a yellow beak. South America
Socorro Parakeet
(Aratinga (holochlora) brevipes)[1]
31–33 cm (12–13 in) long. Green plumage. Yellowish beak. Bare eye rings brownish.[6] Socorro Island in the Revillagigedo Islands of Mexico[7]
Red-throated Parakeet or
Red-throated Conure
(Aratinga (holochlora) rubritorquis)[1]
Aratinga rubritorquis -Honduras-6.jpg
Dark green upper parts and light green lower parts, with a bone coloured beak. Orange over throat with scattered orange feathers extending around the sides of the neck. El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua.
Scarlet-fronted Parakeet
(Aratinga wagleri)
Aratinga wagleri -Jurong BirdPark-4.jpg
Mostly green, with a bone coloured beak. White eyerings. Red on top head and ala of wings. Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela[8][9]
Mitred Parakeet or
Mitred Conure
(Aratinga mitrata)
Mitred Parakeet Florida.jpg
Mostly green, with a bone coloured beak. White eyerings. Red on top head. South America[10][11]
Red-masked Parakeet or
Cherry-headed Conure
(Aratinga erythrogenys)
Aratinga erythrogenys -city -San Francisco-8a-2c.jpg
33 cm (13 in) long. Mostly green including nape of neck. Bone coloured beak. White eyerings. Red on top head. South America[12][13]
Crimson-fronted Parakeet
Finsch's Conure
or Finsch's Parakeet
(Aratinga finschi)
Aratinga finschi -pet-5b.jpg
33 cm (13 in) long. Mostly green. Bone coloured beak. White eyerings. Red forehead. South America[14][15]
White-eyed Parakeet
or White-eyed Conure
(Aratinga leucophthalma)
White-eyed Conure (Aratinga leucophthalmus) -on a corner2.jpg
32 cm (12 in) long. Mostly green. Bone coloured beak. Prominent white eyerings. Red shoulders and random flecks of red on the head and neck South America[16][17]
Cuban Parakeet
(Aratinga euops)
Cuban Parakeet (Aratinga euops) -in tree-6-4c.jpg
26 cm (10 in) long. Mostly green. Bone coloured beak. White eyerings. Red shoulders and random red feathers on head and front. Yellowish under wings and tail.[18] Cuba[19]
Hispaniolan Parakeet
(Aratinga chloroptera)
30–33 cm (12–13 in) long. Mostly green. Bone coloured beak. White eyerings. Red carpal underwing feathers. Yellowish under wings and tail.[20] Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, and Puerto Rico.[21]
Sun Parakeet
or Sun Conure
(Aratinga solstitialis)
Aratinga solstitialis -Singapore BirdPark-6.jpg
30 cm (11 in) long. Mostly yellow, fading to orange over the head and belly. Yellow and green in the wing and tail feathers. Black beak. South America[22][23]
Jandaya Parakeet
or Jenday Conure
(Aratinga jandaya)
Aratinga jandaya-0.jpg
Orange and yellow with green wings and back. Black beak. Brazil[24][25]
Golden-capped Parakeet
(Aratinga auricapillus)
Aratinga auricapilla (Wroclaw zoo)-1.JPG
30 (12 in) long. Mostly green. Black beak. Orange-red belly, red face fading to yellow over the crown.[26] Brazil[27]
Dusky-headed Parakeet
Weddell's Conure or
Dusky-headed Conure
(Aratinga weddellii)
DuskyConure.jpg
25–28 cm (10–11 in). Mostly green. Black beak. A gray-brown head, a blue-tipped tail and remiges Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru[28][29]
Olive-throated Parakeet
(two subspecies/species)
(Aratinga nana)
Olive-throated Parakeet.jpg
Mostly green. Greyish beak darker on upper mandible. White eyerings. Broad olive/green throat, blue tips on wing feathers. Belize, Cayman Islands, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama[30][31]
Orange-fronted Parakeet
Orange-fronted Conure or
Half-moon Conure
(Aratinga canicularis)
Aratinga canicularis -Costa Rica-8-2c.JPG
22.5 cm (9 in) long. Mostly green. with yellower lower parts and olive tone over the throat. The wings have blue outer primaries and the pointed tail is tipped with blue. Blue crown, orange forehead, bare yellow eye-ring, yellow irises, and a bone coloured beak. Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Puerto Rico[32][33]
Peach-fronted Parakeet or
Peach-fronted Conure
(Aratinga aurea)
Aratinga aurea -Brazil-8-4c.jpg
Mostly green. Black beak, peach coloured forehead, and yellow eyerings. Yellowish lower parts and darker green upperparts. Some blue in the wing feathers. Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru, and Suriname[34][35]
Brown-throated Parakeet
or St. Thomas Conure
(Aratinga pertinax)
Brown-throated Parakeet (Aratinga pertinax) -pet.jpg
Mostly green. Black/grey beak. Light green lower parts and dark green upperparts. Some blue in the wing feathers. Brown throat. Face colours depend on the subspecies. Aruba, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Guyana, Mexico, Panama, Suriname, and Venezuela[36][37]
Cactus Parakeet
or Caatinga Parakeet
(Aratinga cactorum)
Aratinga cactorum -Brazil-8-2c.jpg
Mostly green. Light yellow/brown lower parts and dark green upperparts. White eyering and a pale beak. Some blue in the outer wing feathers. Brazil[38][39]

మూలాలు[మార్చు]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Aratinga holochlora - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 4 January 2009. Unknown parameter |dateformat= ignored (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  2. Arndt, T. 2006. A revision of the Aratinga mitrata complex, with the description of one new species, two new subspecies and species-level status of Aratinga alticola. Journal of Ornithology 147(1): 73-86
  3. "Zoological Nomenclature Resource: Psittaciformes (Version 9.013)". www.zoonomen.net. 2008-12-29. Cite web requires |website= (help)
  4. "Blue-crowned Parakeet - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 4 January 2009. Unknown parameter |dateformat= ignored (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  5. BirdLife International 2008. Aratinga acuticaudata. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  6. "Socorro Parakeet - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 4 January 2009. Unknown parameter |dateformat= ignored (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  7. BirdLife International 2008. Aratinga holochlora. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  8. "Scarlet-fronted Parakeet - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 3 January 2009. Unknown parameter |dateformat= ignored (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  9. BirdLife International 2008. Aratinga wagleri. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  10. "Mitred Parakeet - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 3 January 2009. Unknown parameter |dateformat= ignored (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  11. BirdLife International 2008. Aratinga mitrata. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  12. "Red-masked Parakeet - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 3 January 2009. Unknown parameter |dateformat= ignored (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  13. BirdLife International 2008. Aratinga erythrogenys. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  14. "Crimson-fronted Parakeet - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 3 January 2009. Unknown parameter |dateformat= ignored (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  15. BirdLife International 2008. Aratinga finschi. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  16. "Crimson-fronted Parakeet - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 3 January 2009. Unknown parameter |dateformat= ignored (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  17. BirdLife International 2008. Aratinga leucophthalma. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  18. "Cuban Parakeet - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 3 January 2009. Unknown parameter |dateformat= ignored (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  19. BirdLife International 2008. Aratinga euops. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  20. "Hispaniolan Parakeet - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 3 January 2009. Unknown parameter |dateformat= ignored (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  21. BirdLife International 2008. Aratinga chloroptera. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  22. "Sun Parakeet - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 3 January 2009. Unknown parameter |dateformat= ignored (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  23. BirdLife International 2008. Aratinga solstitialis. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  24. "Jandaya Parakeet - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 3 January 2009. Unknown parameter |dateformat= ignored (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  25. BirdLife International 2008. Aratinga jandaya. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  26. "Golden-capped Parakeet - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 3 January 2009. Unknown parameter |dateformat= ignored (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  27. BirdLife International 2008. Aratinga auricapillus. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  28. "Dusky-headed Parakeet - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 3 January 2009. Unknown parameter |dateformat= ignored (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  29. BirdLife International 2008. Aratinga weddellii. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  30. "Olive-throated Parakeet - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 3 January 2009. Unknown parameter |dateformat= ignored (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  31. BirdLife International 2008. Aratinga nana. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  32. "Orange-fronted Parakeet - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 3 January 2009. Unknown parameter |dateformat= ignored (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  33. BirdLife International 2008. Aratinga canicularis. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  34. "Peach-fronted Parakeet - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 3 January 2009. Unknown parameter |dateformat= ignored (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  35. BirdLife International 2008. Aratinga aurea. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  36. "Brown-throated Parakeet - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 3 January 2009. Unknown parameter |dateformat= ignored (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  37. BirdLife International 2008. Aratinga pertinax. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  38. "Cactus Parakeet - BirdLife Species Factsheet". BirdLife International (2008). Retrieved 3 January 2009. Unknown parameter |dateformat= ignored (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)
  39. BirdLife International 2008. Aratinga cactorum. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

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