ఇస్లామిక్ స్టేట్ ఇన్ ఇరాక్ అండ్ ది లెవంట్

వికీపీడియా నుండి
ఇక్కడికి గెంతు: మార్గసూచీ, వెతుకు
ఇస్లామిక్ స్టేట్ ఇన్ ఇరాక్ అండ్ ది లెవంట్
الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام  (Arabic)
ad-Dawlah al-Islāmīyah fil 'Irāq wa ash-Shām (transliteration)

Participant in the Iraq War (2003–2011) and Insurgency (2011–present), the Syrian Civil War and its spillover, the 2014 Libyan Civil War, and the Sinai insurgency.


Primary target of the 2014 military intervention against ISIL, the intervention in Iraq and Syria, as well as the Iranian and Turkish interventions, and the Global War on Terrorism
Black Standard as adopted by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Flag
Motto: باقية وتتمدد
"Bāqiyah wa-Tatamaddad"
"remaining and expanding" [1]
Anthem: أمتي قد لاح فجر
Ummatī, qad lāha fajrun
"My Ummah, Dawn Has Appeared"[2]
Military situation as of 15 December 2014, in Iraq and Syria.
  Controlled by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
  Controlled by al-Nusra
  Controlled by other Syrian rebels
  Controlled by Syrian government
  Controlled by Iraqi government
  Controlled by Syrian Kurds
  Controlled by Iraqi Kurds
  Occupied by Israel
Note: Syria and Iraq contain large desert areas with limited population which are mapped as under the control of forces holding roads and towns within them.

Map of the current military situation in Iraq
Map of the current military situation in Syria

Goals and territorial ambitions
     Areas controlled  (as of 15 December 2014)      Areas in which ISIL claism to have presence or control[3]      Rest of Iraq and Syria
Note:This map not shows ISIL control or claim outside Iraq and Syria
Administrative center Ar-Raqqah, Syria (de facto)[4][5]
36°34′N 43°13′E / 36.567°N 43.217°E / 36.567; 43.217
Largest city Mosul, Iraq
Ideologies Sunni Islamism
Anti-Shiaism[6]
Salafist Jihadism
Takfirism
Wahhabism
Type Self proclaimed Islamic state and Caliphate
Military strength & operation areas Inside Iraq and Syria

200,000Cockburn, Patrick (16 November 2014). "War with Isis: Islamic militants have army of 200,000, claims senior Kurdish leader". The Independent.  </ref>[11](Kurdish claim)
20,000–31,000 (CIA estimate)

Outside Iraq and Syria

19,500–31,000 (See Military of ISIL for more-detailed estimates.)
Leaders
 -  Self proclaimed Caliph Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi [12]
 -  Field commander Abu Omar al-Shishani[13][14][15]
 -  Spokesman Abu Muhammad al-Adnani[16][17]
Establishment
 -  Formation (as Jamāʻat al-Tawḥīd wa-al-Jihād) 1999[18] 
 -  Joined al-Qaeda October 2004 
 -  Declaration of an Islamic state in Iraq 13 October 2006 
 -  Claim of territory in the Levant 8 April 2013 
 -  Capture of Fallujah and beginning of major territorial gains 4 January 2014 
 -  Separated from al-Qaeda[19]<[20] 3 February 2014[21] 
 -  Declaration of "Caliphate" 29 June 2014 
 -  Claim of territory in Libya, Egypt, Algeria, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen 13 November 2014 
Area
 -  Estimate only of controlled areas 32,133 km2[22]
12,407 sq mi
Population
 -  12 June 2014 The New York Times estimate 8,000,000 in controlled areas[23]
Time zone Eastern European Time and Arabia Standard Time (UTC+2 and +3)
Website
Al Furqan Media[24]

ఇస్లామిక్ స్టేట్ ఇన్ ఇరాక్ అండ్ ది లెవంట్ ఒక తీవ్రవాద సంస్థ. మనదేశంలో దీని కార్యకలాపాలను 2014 డిసెంబరు 16న ప్రభుత్వం నిషేధం విధించింది [25] ఐసిస్‌ అంటే ఇస్లామిక్‌ స్టేట్‌ ఆఫ్‌ సిరయా అండ్‌ ఇరాక్‌ , ఐసిస్‌ సంస్థ ఇరాక్‌, సిరియాల్లో చురుకుగా పనిచేస్తున్న సున్నీ తెగకు చెందిన జిహాదీ సంస్థ. ఇరాక్‌, సిరియాలలో సున్నీలు నివసిస్తున్న ప్రాంతాలతో పాటు లెబనాన్‌, ఇజ్రాయెల్‌, జోర్డాన్‌, సైప్రస్‌, దక్షిణ టర్కీలకు చెందిన భూభాగంలో ఇస్లామిక్ సల్తానేట్ స్వత్రంత్ర రాజ్యాన్ని స్థాపించే లక్ష్యంతో ఆ సంస్థ పనిచేస్తోంది. ఇరాక్‌పై అమెరికా చేసిన దురాక్రమణ యుద్ధ సమయంలో ఈ సంస్థ ఆవిర్భవించింది. 2004 నుంచి అల్‌ఖైదాతో కలసి పనిచేసినప్పటికీ 2014లో ఆ సంస్థతో తెగదెంపులు చేసుకుంది.

మూలాలు[మార్చు]

  1. http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/colonial-caliphate-the-ambitions-of-the-islamic-state
  2. "How ISIS got its anthem". The Guardian. 9 November 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  3. "Battle for Iraq and Syria in maps". BBC News. 3 December 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  4. "ISIS on offense in Iraq". Al-Monitor. 10 June 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  5. Kelley, Michael B. (20 August 2014). "One Big Question Surrounds The Murder Of US Journalist James Foley By ISIS". Business Insider. Retrieved 20 August 2014. ... the de facto ISIS capital of Raqqa, Syria ... 
  6. Rubin, Alissa, J (26 June 2014). "4 questions ISIS rebels use to tell Sunni from Shia". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 October 2014. 
  7. "ISIS Proclaims 'Calpihate of Sinai'; Calls for Attacking Israel's Eilat - Jewish & Israel News Algemeiner.com". Algemeiner.com. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 Ishaan Tharoor (July 16, 2014). "This Canadian jihadist died in Syria, but his video may recruit more foreign fighters". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 30, 2014. The Islamic State has de facto control of a whole swathe of territory stretching from eastern Syria to the environs of Baghdad and last month declared a caliphate... 
  9. Paul Cruickshank; Nic Robertson; Tim Lister; Jomana Karadsheh (November 18, 2014). "ISIS comes to Libya". CNN. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  10. Zack Beauchamp (August 4, 2014). "ISIS just took a town in Lebanon. Wait, Lebanon?". Vox. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  11. "IS has 20,000–31,500 fighters in Iraq and Syria: CIA". Yahoo! News. 12 September 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2014. 
  12. Rubin, Alissa J. (5 July 2014). "Militant Leader in Rare Appearance in Iraq". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 July 2014. 
  13. Akhmeteli, Nina (9 July 2014). "The Georgian roots of Isis commander Omar al-Shishani". BBC News. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  14. "Kadyrov Claims Red-Bearded Chechen Militant al-Shishani Dead". ElBalad. 14 November 2014. 
  15. "Kadyrov Says Islamic State's Leader From Georgia Killed". Radio Free Europe. 14 November 2014. 
  16. "Here's What We Know About the 'Caliph' of the New Islamic State". Business Insider. Agence France-Presse. 29 June 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  17. "ISIS Spokesman Declares Caliphate, Rebrands Group as Islamic State". SITE Institute. 29 June 2014. Retrieved 29 June 2014. 
  18. "The War between ISIS and al-Qaeda for Supremacy of the Global Jihadist Movement" (PDF). Washington Institute for Near East Policy. June 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  19. Pool, Jeffrey (16 December 2004). "Zarqawi's Pledge of Allegiance to Al-Qaeda: From Mu'Asker Al-Battar, Issue 21". Terrorism Monitor. 2 (24): The Jamestown Foundation. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 30 July 2014. 
  20. "Al-Qaeda disavows ISIS militants in Syria". BBC News. 3 February 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2014. 
  21. "11 reasons the Islamic State might be more dangerous than al-Qaida". 
  22. "Areas Under ISIS Control". The New York Times. 7 November 2014. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  23. http://isisstudygroup.com/?tag=al-furqan-media-foundation
  24. [hhttp://www.eenadu.net/Homeinner.aspx?item=break149 "భారత్ లో ఇస్లామిక్ స్టేట్ పై నిషేధం"]. www.eenadu.net. ఈనాడు. 16 డిసెంబర్ 2014. Retrieved 16 డిసెంబర్ 2014.  Check date values in: |access-date=, |date= (help)

బయటి లంకెలు[మార్చు]

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