దుర్గా ఖోటే

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దుర్గా ఖోటే
Durga Khote.jpg
దుర్గా ఖోటే
జననంవిటా లాడ్
(1905-01-14) 1905 జనవరి 14
బొంబాయి, బాంబే ప్రెసిడెనీ, బ్రిటిష్ ఇండియా
మరణం1991 సెప్టెంబరు 22 (1991-09-22)(వయసు 86)
ముంబై, మహారాష్ట్ర. భారత దేశం
వృత్తినటి, చలనచిత్ర నిర్మాత
క్రియాశీలక సంవత్సరాలు1931–1983
పురస్కారాలు

దుర్గా ఖోటే (14 జనవరి 1905 − 22 సెప్టెంబర్ 1991) ఒక భారతీయ చలనచిత్ర నటి. ఈమె హిందీ, మరాఠీ సినిమాలలోను, నాటకాలలోను 50 సంవత్సరాల పాటు విరివిగా నటించింది. ఈమె దాదాపు 200 సినిమాలలో నటించింది. ఈమె తన జీవితకాల సాఫల్యతకు భారతీయ సినిమారంగంలో అత్యున్నత పురస్కారమైన దాదాసాహెబ్ ఫాల్కే పురస్కారాన్ని 1983లో అందుకుంది.

వృత్తి[మార్చు]

అయోధ్యేచ రాజా చిత్రంలో తారామతి వేషంలో దుర్గా ఖోటే.

1931లో ప్రభాత్ ఫిలిం కంపెనీ తీసిన ఫరేబి జాల్ మూకీ చిత్రంలో ఒక చిన్న పాత్రలో నటించడం ద్వారా దుర్గా ఖోటే సినిమా రంగప్రవేశం చేసింది. తరువాత మాయా మశ్చీంద్ర అనే హిందీ,మరాఠీ ద్విభాషా చిత్రంలో నటించింది. 1932లో అయోధ్యేచ రాజా చిత్రంతో కథా నాయికగా నటించడం ఆరంభించింది. ఈ చిత్రంలో తారామతి వేషం ధరించింది.[1] Indeed, she ventured yet another pioneering trend: Despite working closely with the Prabhat Film Company, she broke away from the "studio system" (exclusive contract with a studio to work in its films on a monthly salary) then in vogue and became one of the first "freelance" artistes of that era by working occasionally with the New Theatres, East India Film Co. (both at Calcutta), and Prakash Pictures.

In 1936, she played Saudamini in Amar Jyoti, which is one of her most memorable roles.[2][3]

In 1937, she produced and directed a film titled Saathi, making her one of the first women to step into this role in Indian cinema.[4] The 40s opened for her in a big way, with award-winning performances in Aachary Atre's Payachi Dasi (Marathi) and Charnon Ki Dasi (Hindi) (1941) and Vijay Bhatt's classic Bharat Milap (1942), both of which got her the BFJA Best Actress Award for two consecutive years.

Durga Khote remained active in the theatre circuit for many years, especially the Marathi theatre in Mumbai. She was actively associated with the Indian People's Theatre Association (IPTA) and worked in several plays for the Mumbai Marathi Sahitya Sangh. In 1954, she famously performed the role of Lady Macbeth in V.V. Shirwadkar's Marathi adaptations of Macbeth, as Rajmukut, The Royal Crown, along with Nanasaheb Phatak.[5]

పోస్టేజి స్టాంపుపై దుర్గా ఖోటే

Durga Khote played a wide variety of roles over a career that was not only long, but also untouched by scandal. She was the inspiration for several generations of Indian actresses, including veterans such as the late Shobhna Samarth, who frequently spoke of how she had been inspired by Khote's example.

During later years, she played several important character roles, such as the mother of the protagonist. Her portrayal of Jodhabai, the queen of Akbar torn between duty towards her husband and love towards her son in Mughal-e-Azam (1960) was well received. In 1963, she acted in Merchant Ivory's debut film The Householder (1963).[6][7]

She went on to play other widely appreciated character roles in later movies, such as the role of the grandmother of the heroine in Bobby (1973), the hero's aunt in Abhimaan (1973), and the very memorable Bidaai (1974), where she played a mother, a very sensitive role that can make one cry and received the Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award.

Her final memorable role was in Subhash Ghai's Karz (1980), where she played the role of the mother of Raj Kiran and later, mother to Rishi Kapoor, who played the role of Raj Kiran's reincarnation after the screen death of Raj Kiran in the movie.

She acted in over 200 films in her career. By the 1980s she successfully diversified into production of short films, ad films and documentaries by setting up Fact Films and later, Durga Khote Productions, which produced the Doordarshan TV series Wagle Ki Duniya.

వ్యక్తిగత జీవితం[మార్చు]

Durga Khote was married when she was a teenager to Vishwanath Khote, a gentleman of her own caste and similar social background, in a match arranged by their parents in the usual Indian manner. It was a traditional marriage into an orthodox family, the couple lived a harmonious and happy life, and the marriage was blessed with two sons. Vishwanath was a mechanical engineer who had graduated from Banaras Hindu University. His family was upper middle class and professional, with modern English education and high social standing; his ancestors had been prominent bankers.

Unfortunately, Vishwanath Khote died young, when Durga was barely into her 20s. She and her sons continued to reside with her in-laws, as is traditional in India, but she was not comfortable with her dependent position, especially because her father-in-law was no more, and they were dependent on other family members for their expenses. Shs thus felt impelled to make a living any which way she could, and the opening in films happened entirely by chance. The fact that she came from a modern and English-educated family meant that, even as a widow, she was able to act in films, which was derided as a disreputable profession in those days.

Durgaji, thus raised her two sons, Bakul and Harin, single-handedly. Both of them went on to become well-settled in life. But she suffered the loss of her son Harin, who predeceased her and died in his 40s. Harin was married to Vijaya Jaywant, and they were the parents of two sons.[8] After Harin's early death, his widow married a Parsi man named Farrokh Mehta and became famous as the film-maker Vijaya Mehta.

Durga Khote's grandchildren (children of Bakul and Harin) include her grandson Ravi, a filmmaker; granddaughter Anjali Khote, an actress; and grandson Deven Khote, a successful producer who is one of the co-founders of UTV, and who has also directed a film.[9][10] Deven Khote is noted for producing films such as Jodhaa Akbar and Life in a Metro.[11]

Durga Khote's brother-in-law, Nandu Khote (brother of Vishwanath), was a noted stage and silent movie actor. Two of Nandu's children are also active in the film industry. His son Viju Khote is an actor perhaps best known for his role of "Kalia" in Sholay (1975). Nandu's daughter is the actress Shubha Khote, who debuted in Seema (1955) and worked as a heroine in several films before moving to character roles. Still later, she moved to directing and producing Marathi films and also entered television in the 90s. Shubha's daughter, Bhavana Balsavar, is also an award-winning TV actress who appeared in sitcoms like Dekh Bhai Dekh and Zabaan Sambhalke before deciding to settle down and raise a family.[12][13] Thus, the acting profession which was pioneered by Durga Khote in her family has been fully embraced by her late husband's family.

Durga Khote also had some rather improbable, distinguished relatives with no connection to films. The socialite and politician Sharda Mukherjee (nee Sharada Pandit), who herself served as governor of the states of Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh, and who was the wife of Subroto Mukherjee, India's first Chief of the Air Staff, was Durga Khote's first cousin (her mother's sister's daughter). Sharda Mukherjee's paternal uncle, Ranjit Sitaram Pandit, was the husband of Jawaharlal Nehru's sister Vijayalakshmi Pandit. In other words, Durga Khote's mausi (mother's sister) was the Devrani of Vijayalakshmi Pandit; their husbands were the Pandit brothers.

Later in life, Durga Khote wrote an autobiography in Marathi, entitled Mee, Durga Khote, which was translated into English as I, Durga Khote,[14] and moved to Alibaug, near Mumbai. Durga Khote died on 22 September 1991.

ఫిల్మోగ్రఫీ[మార్చు]

అమర్ జ్యోతి(1936) చిత్రంలో దుర్గా ఖోటే
సంవత్సరం సినిమా పేరు పాత్ర వివరాలు
1931 ఫరేబీ జాల్
1932 అయోధ్యేచ రాజ తారామతి హిందీ/మరాఠీ సినిమా
1932 మాయా మశ్చీంద్ర రాణి హిందీ/మరాఠీ సినిమా
1933 పతిత్ పావన్
1933 రాజ్‌రాణి మీరా మీరా
1934 సీత సీత
1935 ఇంక్విలాబ్ మిస్ రినీ
1935 జీవన్ నాటక్ మిస్ క్వీన్
1936 అమర్ జ్యోతి సౌదామిని
1937 ప్రతిభ ప్రతిభ
1938 నందకుమార్
1938 సాథీ
1939 అధూరీ కహానీ హర్బలా
1940 యామ్లా జాత్
1940 గీతా దుర్గ హిందీ/మరాఠీ సినిమా
1940 నర్సీ భగత్ మానెక్ బాయి గుజరాతీ/హిందీ సినిమా
1941 చరణోఁ కీ దాసి / పాయచి దాసి విద్య అత్తగారు హిందీ/మరాఠీ సినిమా
1942 భారత్ మిలాప్ కైకేయి హిందీ/మరాఠీ సినిమా
1942 విజయ్
1943 ఖుర్బాని
1943 మహాసతి అనసూయ
1943 మహాత్మా విదుర్
1943 పృథ్వీ వల్లభ్ మృణాళ్‌వతి
1943 తస్వీర్ విద్యాదేవి
1943 జమీన్
1944 మహారథి కర్ణ కుంతి
1945 లఖ్‌రానీ బిచ్వా
1945 పన్నాదాయి
1945 ఫూల్
1945 వీర్ కునాల్
1946 మహారాణి మినాల్ దేవి
1946 రుక్మిణి స్వయంవర్
1948 అంజుమన్
1948 సీతా స్వయంవర్
1949 సింగార్
1949 జీత్ రతన్ తల్లి
1949 మాయా బజార్
1950 అలక్ నిరంజన్
1950 బే కసూర్
1950 హర్ హర్ మహదేవ్
1950 మగ్రూర్
1950 Nishana
1950 Hamara Ghar
1951 Aaram Sita
1951 Hamari Shaan
1951 Humlog Mother
1951 Nai Zindagi
1951 Sazaa
1952 Aandhiyan
1952 Lal Kunwar
1952 Mordhwaj
1952 Narveer Tanaji
1952 Sandesh
1953 Chacha Chowdhury
1953 Mashooka
1953 Naag Panchami
1953 Naulakha Haar Devla
1953 Shikast
1954 Lakeeren
1954 Mirza Ghalib Amma, Chaudvin's mother
1954 Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
1955 Adil-E-Jahangir
1956 Justice
1956 Parivar
1956 Patrani Raj Mata
1956 Rajdhani
1957 Bade Sarkar
1957 Bhabhi Ratan's aunt
1957 Mera Salaam
1957 Musafir Mrs. Nilambar Sharma
1958 Raj Tilak
1959 Ardhangini Prakash's mother
1959 Ghar Ghar Ki Baat
1959 Maine Jeena Seekh Liya
1960 Mughal-E-Azam Maharani Jodha Bai
1960 Parakh Rani Ma, J.C. Roy's mother
1960 Love in Simla Sonia's grandmother
1960 Usne Kaha Tha
1961 Bhabhi Ki Chudiyan Prabha's mother
1961 Kismet Palat Ke Dekh
1961 Senapati
1962 Main Shadi Karne Chala
1962 Man-Mauji Dr. Mohan's mother
1962 రంగోలీ Subhagi
1962 Son of India Head Nun
1963 The Householder Prem's mother
1963 Mujhe Jeene Do
1964 Benazir
1964 Door Ki Awaaz Prakash's mother
1964 Kaise Kahoon
1964 Main Suhagan Hoon
1964 షగున్
1965 దో దిల్ Ranimaa
1965 Kaajal Rani Sahiba
1965 Purnima Sharda R. Lal
1966 Anupama Ashok's mother
1966 Daadi Maa Daadi Maa/Maharani
1966 Devar
1966 Pyar Mohabbat Rajmata Rajeshwari
1966 Sagaai Sheel's mother
1967 Chandan Ka Palna Mrs. Radha Laxmidas
1968 Jhuk Gaya Aasman Mrs. Saxena
1968 Sapno Ka Saudagar Peter's mother
1968 Sunghursh Mrs. Bhawani Prasad
1969 Dharti Kahe Pukarke
1969 Ek Phool Do Mali Leela
1969 Jeene Ki Raah Janki
1969 Pyar Ka Sapna Sudha's mother
1970 Khilona Thakurain Singh
1971 Anand Renu's mother Guest Appearance
1971 Banphool Haria's maternal grandma
1971 Ek Nari Ek Brahmachari Rajlaxmi S. Chaudhary
1972 Bawarchi Seeta Sharma
1972 Mere Bhaiya Avinash's mother
1972 Raja Jani Rajmata
1972 Shararat Harry's mother
1973 బాబీ మిసెస్ బ్రగాంజా
1973 నమక్ హరామ్ సోము తల్లి
1973 Abhimaan Durga Mausi
1973 Gopi Kunwar's mother
1973 Agni Rekha
1974 Bidaai Parvati Won 1975 Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress
1974 Dil Diwana Vijay's Dadimaa
1974 Insaaniyat Ram's mother
1975 Chaitali Manish's mother
1975 Kala Sona Mrs. Ranjeet Singh
1975 Khushboo Brindaban's mother
1976 Jaaneman Ronnie's mother
1976 Jai Bajrang Bali Devi Maa Anjani
1976 Rangila Ratan
1976 Shaque Mrs. Bannerjee
1977 Chacha Bhatija Mrs. D'Silva
1977 Darling Darling
1977 దో చెహెరే దాదీమా
1977 నామీ చోర్
1977 పాపి అశోక్ తల్లి
1977 పహేలి బ్రిజ్‌మోహన్ తల్లి
1977 సాహెబ్ బహదూర్ మీనా అమ్మమ్మ
1979 చోర్ సిపాయీ రాజా తల్లి
1980 కర్జ్ శాంతా ప్రసాద్ వర్మ
1983 దౌలత్ కె దుష్మన్ సునీల్ తల్లి

అవార్డులు[మార్చు]

సంవత్సరం ప్రతిపాదించిన విభాగం పురస్కారం ఫలితం
1942 Charnon Ki Dasi[15] BFJA Awards: Best Actress విజేత
1943 Bharat Milap[16] BFJA Awards: Best Actress విజేత
1968 Padma Shri, fourth highest civilian award by the Government of India. Awarded
1970 Dhartichi Lekre Maharashtra State Award విజేత
1974 Bidaai Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award విజేత
1983 Dadasaheb Phalke Award, the lifetime recognition award for films from Government of India[4] Awarded

గుర్తింపు[మార్చు]

A postage stamp, bearing her face, was released by India Post to honour her on 3 May 2013.

మూలాలు[మార్చు]

  1. "Profile with photographs". Archived from the original on 18 January 2006. Retrieved 22 January 2006.
  2. Ashok Raj (1 November 2009). Hero Vol.1. Hay House, Inc. pp. 45–. ISBN 978-93-81398-02-9. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  3. Tilak Rishi (2012). Bless You Bollywood!: A Tribute to Hindi Cinema on Completing 100 Years. Trafford Publishing. pp. 155–. ISBN 978-1-4669-3963-9. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Dadasaheb Phalke Award 15th Recipient – 1983 – Durga Khote. Ultraindia.com. Retrieved on 2018-11-09.
  5. Shakespeare in India Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine internetshakespeare.uvic.ca
  6. Filmography on Allmovie.
  7. Filmography on The New York Times.
  8. Shanta Gokhale (26 November 2012). "Life at play". Pune Mirror. Archived from the original on 17 February 2013.
  9. UTV co-founder turns director
  10. Durga Khote profile Washington State University
  11. Deven Khote The New York Times,
  12. An Interview with Shobha Khote Rediff.com.
  13. The Forgotten Bollywood bhai-behan Brigade[permanent dead link] Bollywood Hungama, 9 August 2006.
  14. "Autobiography – details from Oxford University Press website". Archived from the original on 11 March 2007. Retrieved 18 January 2006.
  15. 5th Annual BFJA Awards – Awards For The Year 1941 Archived 8 జనవరి 2010 at the Wayback Machine BFJA Awards Official website.
  16. 6th Annual BFJA Awards – Awards For The Year 1942 Archived 8 జనవరి 2010 at the Wayback Machine BFJA Awards Official website.

ఇవి కూడా చదవండి[మార్చు]

బయటి లింకులు[మార్చు]