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{{About|the district|its eponymous headquarters|Jaisalmer}}
[[Image:Map rajasthan dist Jaisalmer.PNG|thumb|right|400px|Jaisalmer District in Rajasthan]]
'''Jaisalmer District''' , is a district of [[Rajasthan]] [[States and territories of India|state]] in western [[India]]. The city of [[Jaisalmer]] is the administrative headquarters of the district.
 
As of 2011 it is the least populous district of Rajasthan (out of [[Districts of Rajasthan|33]]).<ref name="districtcensus">{{cite web | url = http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php | title = District Census 2011 | accessdate = 2011-09-30 | year = 2011 | publisher = Census2011.co.in}}</ref>
 
==Geography==
[[Image:Désert-du-Thar.jpg|thumb|250px|left|[[Thar desert]]]]
 
It is the largest district of Rajasthan and third largest in the country in area.
 
Jaisalmer District lies in the [[Thar Desert]], which straddles the border of India and [[Pakistan]]. It is bounded on the northeast by [[Bikaner District]], on the east by [[Jodhpur District]], on the south by [[Barmer District]], and on the west and north by [[Pakistan]].
 
The district is located within a rectangle lying between 26°.4’ –28°.23' North parallel and 69°.20'-72°.42' east meridians.
 
The length of international border attached to the district is 471&nbsp;km.
 
Jaisalmer is almost entirely a sandy waste, forming a part of the great Indian desert. The general aspect of the area is that of an interminable sea of sandhills, of all shapes and sizes, some rising to a height of 150&nbsp;ft. Those in the west are covered with log bushes, those in the east with tufts of long grass. Water is scarce, and generally [[brackish]]; the average depth of the wells is said to be about 250&nbsp;ft. There are no perennial streams, and only one small river, the [[Kakni]], which, after flowing a distance of 28 m., spreads over a large surface of flat ground, and forms a lake [[orjhil]] called the [[Bhuj-Jhil]]. The climate is dry and healthy. Throughout Jaisalmer only raincrops, such as [[Pearl millet|bajra]], [[joar]], motif, [[til]], etc., are grown; spring crops of wheat, [[barley]], etc., are very rare. Owing to the scant rainfall, [[irrigation]] is almost unknown.
 
===Climate===
{{Weather box
|metric first=y
|single line=y
|location = Jaisalmer
|Jan high C = 23.7
|Feb high C = 27.2
|Mar high C = 32.8
|Apr high C = 38.4
|May high C = 41.7
|Jun high C = 40.9
|Jul high C = 37.7
|Aug high C = 36.0
|Sep high C = 36.5
|Oct high C = 36.1
|Nov high C = 31.1
|Dec high C = 25.4
|year high C =
|Jan low C = 7.9
|Feb low C = 10.9
|Mar low C = 16.8
|Apr low C = 22.2
|May low C = 25.7
|Jun low C = 27.1
|Jul low C = 26.5
|Aug low C = 25.4
|Sep low C = 24.3
|Oct low C = 20.5
|Nov low C = 13.8
|Dec low C = 8.9
|year low C =
|Jan precipitation mm = 1.3
|Feb precipitation mm = 4.0
|Mar precipitation mm = 3.2
|Apr precipitation mm = 18.1
|May precipitation mm = 9.2
|Jun precipitation mm = 16.1
|Jul precipitation mm = 56.1
|Aug precipitation mm = 79.0
|Sep precipitation mm = 16.2
|Oct precipitation mm = 2.5
|Nov precipitation mm = 1.3
|Dec precipitation mm = 2.5
|unit precipitation days = 0.1 mm
|Jan precipitation days = 0.6
|Feb precipitation days = 1.0
|Mar precipitation days = 0.9
|Apr precipitation days = 0.4
|May precipitation days = 0.8
|Jun precipitation days = 1.1
|Jul precipitation days = 3.9
|Aug precipitation days = 3.9
|Sep precipitation days = 2.1
|Oct precipitation days = 0.4
|Nov precipitation days = 1.1
|Dec precipitation days = 0.5
|source 1 = [http://worldweather.wmo.int/066/c01593.htm WMO]
|date=September 2011}}
 
==Economy==
In 2006 the [[Ministry of Panchayati Raj]] named Jaisalmer one of the country's 250 [[Poverty in India|most backward districts]] (out of a total of [[Districts of India|640]]).<ref name=brgf/> It is one of the twelve districts in Rajasthan currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).<ref name=brgf>{{cite web|author=Ministry of Panchayati Raj|date=September 8, 2009|title=A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme|publisher=National Institute of Rural Development|url=http://www.nird.org.in/brgf/doc/brgf_BackgroundNote.pdf|accessdate=September 27, 2011}}</ref>
 
==Demographics==
According to the [[2011 census of India|2011 census]] Jaisalmer district has a [[Demographics of India|population]] of 672,008,<ref name="districtcensus"/> roughly equal to the nation of [[Equatorial Guinea]]<ref name="cia">{{cite web | author = US Directorate of Intelligence | title = Country Comparison:Population | url = https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html | accessdate = 2011-10-01 | quote =
Equatorial Guinea
668,225
July 2011 est.
}}</ref> or the US state of [[North Dakota]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php|title=2010 Resident Population Data|publisher=U. S. Census Bureau|accessdate=2011-09-30| quote =
North Dakota
672,591
}}</ref> This gives it a ranking of 508th in India (out of a total of [[Districts of India|640]]).<ref name=districtcensus/> The district has a population density of {{convert| 17 |PD/sqkm|PD/sqmi}} .<ref name=districtcensus/> Its [[Family planning in India|population growth rate]] over the decade 2001-2011 was 32.22%.<ref name=districtcensus/> Jaisalmer has a [[sex ratio]] of 849 [[Women in India|females]] for every 1000 males,<ref name=districtcensus/> and a [[Literacy in India|literacy rate]] of 58.04%.<ref name=districtcensus/>
 
==Administrative Set-up==
Jaisalmer district have three sub-divisions: Jaisalmer, [[Pokaran]] and [[Fatehgarh, Rajasthan|Fatehgarh]]. With the same name, these are also the three tehsils of district.
 
Jaisalmer and Pokaran are the Nagar Palikas, while 744 villages comes under 128 Gram Panchayats. The developmental activities of the district are being looked after by three Panchayat Samities, i.e. Jaisalmer, Sam and Sankra.Jhinjhinyali is gram panchayat in sam samity. Jhinjhinyali 100&nbsp;km away from jaisalmer hq.
jhinjhinyali village is main controlling village or ruling village of jaisalmer. Jhinjhinyali is the heart of दक्षिणी बसिया | which are defending jaisalmer border from any attack from enemies.It consists of small [[Panchayat town|panchayat villages]] like the [[Kanodia Purohitan]].
 
==Tourism==
Jaisalmer is the largest foreign tourist attractor district in the [[Rajasthan]]. Per year about 276,887 tourists visit the district, out of which about 100,000 tourist are foreigners. Some of the tourist attractions in the Jaisalmer are:
* Fort & inside fort-Jain Temples,Royal Palace & two heritage havelis (haveli shreenath,haveli suraj)
* Patwa Havelies.
* Salim Singh’s Haveli.
* Nathmal’s haveli.
* Madir Palace (Tazia Tower).
* Gadsisar Lake.
* Govt. museum & the folk museum.
* [[Thar desert]]
 
Every year Desert festival is being celebrated for the tourists. [[Ramdevra]] is also a big attraction for the [[Baba Ramdevji]]'s pilgrims.
Every year on Mahshivratri in Myajlar Khyala math held festival. Shree Alakh puri ki samadhi in jhinjhinyali is big attraction of Udaisinghont Bhati rajput.
 
==References==
{{reflist}}
* [http://jaisalmer.nic.in/ Jaisalmer district official Website]
 
==External links==
* [http://jaisalmer.nic.in/ Official Website of Jaisalmer District]
{{Geographic location
|Centre = Jaisalmer district
|North =
|Northeast = [[Bikaner district]]
|East = [[Jodhpur district]]
|Southeast =
|South = [[Barmer district]]
|Southwest =
|West =
|Northwest = ''[[Pakistan]]''
}}
 
{{Jaisalmer district}}
{{Districts of Rajasthan}}
{{Rajasthan}}
 
{{Hindu temples in Rajasthan}}
 
{{coord|26|54|48|N|70|54|50|E|region:IN-RJ_type:landmark_source:dewiki|display=title}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Jaisalmer District}}
[[Category:Districts of Rajasthan]]
[[Category:Jaisalmer district]]
[[Category:Districts in India]]
 
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