స్వాతంత్ర్య దినోత్సవం

వికీపీడియా నుండి
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ప్రతీ దేశానికీ పరుల పాలన/ఆక్రమణ నుంచి విముక్తి లభించిన రోజుని స్వాతంత్ర్య దినోత్సవంగా జరుపుకోవటం ఆనవాయితీ. ఆగష్టు పదిహేను (August 15) భారతదేశపు స్వాతంత్ర్య దినోత్సవంగా జరుపుకోబడుతోంది. 1947 ఆగష్టు పదిహేనున భారతదేశం వందల ఏళ్ళ బానిసత్వాన్నుంచి విడుదలయింది.దానికి గుర్తుగా, స్వాతంత్ర్యానంతర ప్రభుత్వం ఆగష్టు పదిహేనుని భారత స్వాతంత్ర్య దినోత్సవంగా, జాతీయ శెలవు దినంగా ప్రకటించి అమలు చేస్తోంది.

వివిధ దేశాల స్వాతంత్ర్య దినోత్సవాలు[మార్చు]

దేశం తేదీ Significant event
ఆఫ్ఘనిస్తాన్ ఆగష్టు 19 1919లో ఆఫ్ఘనిస్తాన్ విదేశీ వ్యవహారాలను తన పట్టు నుంచి యునైటెడ్ కింగ్‌డం వదిలిపెట్టింది.
అల్బేనియా నవంబరు 28 (Dita e Pavarësisë) Declared by Ismail Qemali in 1912 and signalled the end of five centuries of Ottoman rule.
అల్జీరియా జూలై 5 Independence from ఫ్రాన్స్ in 1962.
అంగోలా నవంబరు 11 Portugal grants independence to its former colony in 1975.
Antigua and Barbuda November 1 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981.
అర్జెంటీనా జూలై 9 Independence declared from స్పెయిన్ in 1816.
అర్మేనియా సెప్టెంబరు 21 Independence from the సోవియట్ యూనియన్ in 1991.


అజర్ బైజాన్ అక్టోబరు 18 Independence from the సోవియట్ యూనియన్ in 1991.
బహమాస్ July 10 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1973.
Bahrain December 15 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971.
బంగ్లాదేశ్ మార్చి 26 Independence was declared from పాకిస్తాన్ and this led to a nine month war ending on డిసెంబరు 16, 1971.
బార్బడోస్ నవంబరు 30 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
బెలారస్ జూలై 3 Liberation of Minsk from German occupation by Soviet troops in 1944.
బెల్జియం జూలై 21 (Belgian revolution) Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld takes the oath as first king of the Belgians in 1831.
Belize September 21 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981. See September Celebrations.
Benin August 1 Independence from France in 1960.
బొలీవియా ఆగష్టు 6 Independence from స్పెయిన్ in 1825.
Bosnia and Herzegovina March 1 Independence from the యుగోస్లావియా in 1992.
బోట్స్వానా సెప్టెంబరు 30 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
బ్రెజిల్ సెప్టెంబరు 7 (Sete de Setembro) Declared Independence from Portugal on that date in 1822. It was declared by Dom Pedro I, son of the King of Portugal and the first Brazilian Emperor, but the independence act was not recognized until August 29, 1825.
బ్రూనీ జనవరి 1 Independence from United Kingdom in 1984
బల్గేరియా సెప్టెంబరు 22 Independence from Ottoman Empire in 1878
Burkina Faso August 5 Independence from ఫ్రాన్స్ in 1960
బురుండి జూలై 1 Independence from బెల్జియం in 1962
కంబోడియా నవంబరు 9 Independence from ఫ్రాన్స్ in 1953
Cape Verde Islands July 5 (Cape Verde Independence Day) Independence from Portugal in 1975.
Central African Republic August 13 Independence from France in 1960.
Chad August 11 Independence from France in 1960.
చిలీ ఫిబ్రవరి 12 Declared Independence from స్పెయిన్ on that date in 1818. Actually, Chileans celebrate the date of the first Government Junta, September 18. This date was not recognized as until 25 April 1844.
కొలంబియా జూలై 20 మరియు ఆగష్టు 7 Independence from స్పెయిన్ in 1810.
Democratic Republic of the Congo June 30 Independence from Belgium in 1960.
కోస్టా రికా సెప్టెంబరు 15 Independence from స్పెయిన్ in 1821.
Croatia October 8 Independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
సైప్రస్ అక్టోబరు 1 Independence from the United Kingdom on August 16, 1960, but Cyprus Independence Day is commonly celebrated on October 1.[1][2]
Czech & Slovak Republics October 28

November 17

As Czechoslovakia, marking restored independence from Austria-Hungary in 1918.

As Czechoslovakia, marking the Velvet Revolution in 1989.

Dominican Republic February 27 Independence from Haiti in 1844, after a 22-year occupation.
East Timor May 20 Independence from Indonesia in 2002. Portugal granted independence to East Timor in 1975, but was soon after invaded by Indonesia, which only recognized East Timorese independence in 2002.
ఈక్వడార్ ఆగష్టు 10 మరియు మే 24]] Proclaimed independence from స్పెయిన్ on August 10, 1809, but failed with the execution of all the conspirators of the movement on August 2, 1810. Independence finally occurred on May 24, 1822 at the Battle of Pichincha.
ఎల్ సాల్వడార్ సెప్టెంబరు 15 Independence from స్పెయిన్ in 1821
Eritrea May 24 Independence from Ethiopia in 1993.
Estonia February 24 Independence from the Bolshevist Russia in 1918.
Fiji October 10 Fiji Independence Day Independence from United Kingdom in 1970.
ఫిన్లాండ్ డిసెంబరు 6 Independence Day of Finland Independence from రష్యా in 1917.
Republic of Macedonia September 8 (Den na nezavisnosta or Ден на независноста) Independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
The Gambia February 18 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965.
జార్జియా మే 26

April 9

Day of First Republic in 1918.

Independence from సోవియట్ రష్యా in 1991.

ఘానా మార్చి 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1957.
గ్రీసు మార్చి 25 Declaration of independence from Ottoman Empire in 1821. Start of the Greek War of Independence
గ్వాతిమాలా సెప్టెంబరు 15 Independence from స్పెయిన్ in 1821.
గయానా మే 26 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
Haiti January 1 Declaration of Independence from France in 1804.
Hawaiʻi November 28 Independence from Great Britain in 1843.
Honduras September 15 Independence from Kingdom of Spain in 1821.
Iceland June 17 Independence from Kingdom of Denmark in 1944.
భారతదేశం ఆగష్టు 15 Independence (Freedom/svatantrataa/स्वतंत्रता) from the British in 1947.
ఇండోనేషియా August 17 Proclamation of Independence day (Hari Proklamasi Kemerdekaan R.I.) from Japan in 1945. The Netherlands acknowledged Indonesian independence and sovereignty in 1949.
ఐర్లాండ్ Easter Monday Proclamation of the Irish Republic commencing the Easter Rising in 1916.
ఇస్రాయిల్ 5 Iyar (Yom Ha'atzmaut) celebrated on Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday nearest to 5 Iyar, so it actually occurs between the 3rd and 6th of Iyar, which may fall between April 15 and May 15. The Gregorian date in which Israeli independence was proclaimed is May 14, 1948 (from the British Mandate of Palestine).
జమైకా ఆగష్టు 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
జోర్డాన్ మే 25 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1946.
Kazakhstan December 16 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
కెన్యా December 12 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1963.
ఉత్తర కొరియా సెప్టెంబరు 9 Founding of the DPRK in 1948.
దక్షిణ కొరియా ఆగష్టు 15 (Gwangbokjeol) Independence from జపాన్ in 1945.
Kuwait January 26 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1961.
Kyrgyzstan August 31 Independence from USSR in 1991.
Latvia November 18
4 May
Independence from Russia in 1918.
Independence from Soviet Union in 1990
లెబనాన్ November 22 Independence from France in 1943.
Lesotho October 4 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
లైబీరియా జూలై 26 Independence from the అమెరికా సంయుక్త రాష్ట్రాలు in 1847.
Lithuania February 16 and March 11 Independence from Russia and Germany in February, 1918; independence from the Soviet Union in March, 1990.
మడగాస్కర్ జూన్ 26 Independence from ఫ్రాన్స్ in 1960.
Malawi July 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
మలేసియా August 31 (Hari Merdeka) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1957
మాల్దీవులు జూలై 26 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965 join [3]
మాలి సెప్టెంబరు 22 Independence from ఫ్రాన్స్ in 1960
Malta September 21 (Independence Day (Malta)) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
Mauritius March 12 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.
మెక్సికో September 16 (Grito de Dolores) Independence from Spain declared in 1810. Recognized on September 27, 1821
Moldova August 27 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991
మంగోలియా November 26 Independence from China on July 11, 1921
Montenegro May 21 Independence from State union with Serbia, in 2006
Morocco March 2 Independence from France and Spain in 1956
Mozambique June 25 Independence from Portugal in 1975
Myanmar January 4 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1948
నమీబియా March 21 Independence from South African mandate in 1990
Nicaragua September 15 Independence from Spain in 1821
Niger August 3 Independence from France in 1960
నైజీరియా October 1 Independence from United Kingdom in 1960
Norway May 17 Independence Day, or "syttende mai" The signing of the Norwegian Constitution in Eidsvoll, May 17, 1814.
పాకిస్తాన్ ఆగష్టు 14 (Yaum e Azadi) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1947.
పనామా November 28 Independence from Spain in 1821. The 1903 separation from Colombia is also celebrated (on November 3, Separation Day).
Papua New Guinea September 16 Independence from Australia of the former Territories of New Guinea, and Papua, in 1975.
Paraguay May 15 (Día de Independencia) Independence from Spain in 1811.
Peru July 28 Independence from Spain in 1821.
Philippines June 12 (Araw ng Kalayaan) Independence from Spain in 1898.
Poland November 11 (Święto Niepodległości) Restoration of Poland's independence in 1918 after 123 years of partitions by Austro-Hungary, Prussia, and Russia.
Portugal December 1 Restoration of Portugal's independence (from Spain) in 1640.

The country's original independence (from the Kingdom of León) was recognized on 5 October of 1143. That day is a holiday in Portugal, but for a different reason. (Implantation of the Republic, or Republic Day. Event of 1910.) Note that none of these events are similar to today's declarations or recognition of independence as these are in fact the recognition of the rule of a king to the land. Portugal existed as a separate entity before 1143 and during the union with Spain between 1580-1640.

Qatar December 18 The assumption of power of Sheikh Jassem bin Mohamed al-Thani, ancestor of the current ruling family, in 1878.
Romania May 9 Independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877.
Rwanda July 1 Independence from Belgium in 1962.
Saint Christopher and Nevis September 19 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1983.
São Tomé and Príncipe July 12 Independence from Portugal in 1975.
Serbia February 15 The beginning of the First Uprising against Ottoman occupation in 1804.
Seychelles June 29 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1976.
Sierra Leone April 27 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1961.
Singapore August 9 (National Day Parade) Marks exit / separation from Malaysia in 1965.
Solomon Islands July 7 ]]) Marks exit / independence from United Kingdom in 1978.
Slovakia July 17 Declaration of Independence in 1992 (only a remembrance day), de iure independence came on January 1, 1993 after the division of Czechoslovakia (public holiday).
Slovenia December 26 and June 25 (Independence and Unity Day) Date of the release of the official results of the independence plebiscite in 1990, confirming secession from Yugoslavia. (Statehood Day) Declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
South Africa December 11 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1931. Not a public holiday. Union of South Africa formed on 31 May 1910 and Republic of South Africa declared on 31 May 1961
Sri Lanka February 4 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1948.
Suriname November 25 Independence from The Netherlands in 1975.
Swaziland September 6 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.
Sweden June 6 Gustav Vasa is elected King of Sweden in 1523.
Switzerland August 1 Alliance against the Holy Roman Empire in 1291.
Tajikistan September 9 Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Tanzania December 9 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1961.
Trinidad and Tobago August 31 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
Tonga June 4 Tonga was never a colony, but late King's birthday was celebrated on 4 July.
Togo April 27 Independence from the Republic of Togo in 1960.
Tunisia March 20 Declaration of independence from France in 1956.
Ukraine January 22 August 24 Independence from Russia in 1918;
Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
United Arab Emirates December 2 (National Day) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971.
United States of America July 4 (Fourth of July) Declaration of Independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1776.
Uruguay August 25 (Día de la Independencia) Declaration of independence from Brazil in 1825.
Uzbekistan September 1 Independence from USSR in 1991.
Vanuatu July 30 Independence from United Kingdom and France in 1980.
Vatican City February 11 Lateran Treaty signed with Italy in 1929.
Venezuela July 5 Declaration of independence from Spain in 1811.
Vietnam September 2 Declaration of independence from France in 1945.
Yemen November 30 South Yemen Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1967.
Zambia October 24 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1964.
Zimbabwe April 18 Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1980.