1974 భారతీయ రైల్వే ఉద్యోగుల సమ్మె

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1974 భారతీయ రైల్వే ఉద్యోగుల సమ్మె (ఆంగ్లం: 1974 railway strike in India) భారతీయ రైల్వేలకు సంబంధించిన ఉద్యోగులు 1974 లో తమ కోరికలను సాధించడం కోసం జరిపిన సమ్మె. ఈ సమ్మెలో 17 లక్షల రైల్వే ఉద్యోగుల 20 రోజులపాటు సమ్మెచేసి, చరిత్రలోనే అతిపెద్ద సమ్మెగా నమోదుచేశారు.[1] [2][3][4]

The strike was held to demand a raise in pay scale, which had remained stagnant over many years, in spite of the fact that pay scales of other government owned entities had risen over the years. Further, since British time the Railways termed the work of the loco staff as "continuous", implying that workers would have to remain at work as long as the train ran on its trip, often for several days at a stretch especially on the goods trains. Independence did not change this. The spread of diesel engines and the consequent intensification of work in the Indian Railways since the 1960s created much resentment among the workers. The Railways, although government-owned, remained an organization in which the accepted worldwide standard of an eight-hour working day was violated with impunity. When the crafts unions raised the issue, they demanded a 12-hour working day for loco running staff.[3][4]

As President of the all India Railwaymen’s Federation George Fernandes led the strike. The strike commenced on 8 May 1974. The strike was brutally suppressed by Indira Gandhi government with thousands being sent to jail and losing their jobs.In Chennai it was under C.Bala Krishnan and Sakthidasan. The strike was called off on 27 May 1974.[5]

మూలాలు[మార్చు]

  1. "Welcome to Frontline : Vol. 29 :: No. 03". Hinduonnet.com. Retrieved 2012-02-11. Cite web requires |website= (help)
  2. Monday, May 20, 1974 (1974-05-20). "INDIA: Strangulating Strike". TIME. Retrieved 2012-02-11. Cite web requires |website= (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Chronicle of Strike
  4. 4.0 4.1 [1]
  5. "Looking back at anger". The Hindu. 2002-01-06. Retrieved 2012-02-11. Cite web requires |website= (help)