Belgaum was a part of the Mumbai province before Independence. However after the reorganization of states on linguistic basis, in 1956, Belgaum was made a part of Karnataka. Belgaum city, which has a majority of Marathi speaking people, opposed this move. There were many protests that lead to police firing on the mobs, causing many deaths. The leaders from both Karnataka and Maharashtra have been exploited these volatile conditions to instigate the people. The Border dispute is still not settled, although it does not invite the same passions amongst the people, which it used to many years back.
The above lines are unbridled POV. Belgaum never had and does not have a majority population of Marathis. Belgaum city as opposed to Belgaum district may have Marathis slightly outnumbering Kannadigas. However in Belgaum district, Kannadigas have always been the majority. The Mahajan commission which was formed to look into this matter at Maharashtra's behest, rejected Maharashtra's claims in no uncertain terms.
That being the case, there is no question of Karnataka's politicians inflaming passions. It is all the handiwork of solely Maharashtra's politicians and the MES.
The other paragraphs in this section are also mostly POV. Please provide references. 22.214.171.124 16:25, 28 జూలై 2006 (UTC)