రామసేతు

వికీపీడియా నుండి
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Landsat 5 image of Rama's Bridge

రామసేతు అనేది దక్షిణ భారతదేశంలో తమిళనాడు రాష్ట్రంలో ఒక భాగమైన రామేశ్వరం (పంబన్) ద్వీపానికి, మరియు శ్రీలంక దేశానికి చెందిన మన్నర్ (Mannar) ద్వీపానికి మధ్య ఉన్న ఇసుక దిబ్బల శ్రేణి [1]. ఈ దిబ్బ ముఖ్యంగా ఇసుక, మరియు సున్నపు రాళ్ళను కలిగియుంటుంది. హిందూ మహాసముద్రంలో కొన్ని చోట్ల సుమారు 1.2 మీటర్ల లోతులో మునిగియుండే ఈ ఇసుక దిబ్బ పొడవు 18 మైళ్ళు (అనగా 30 కిలోమీటర్లు). ఈస్ట్ ఇండియా కంపెనీ వారు రామసేతుని ఆంగ్లంలో ఆడమ్స్ బ్రిడ్జి (Adam's Bridge) గా అభివర్ణించారు.

మత విశ్వాసాలు[మార్చు]

కవి వాల్మీకి వ్రాసిన రామాయణం ప్రకారం శ్రీరాముడు వానర సైన్యంతో ఈ వంతెన నిర్మింపజేసాడు. ఈ వారధిని పలురకాల చెట్ల కాండాలతోను, రాళ్ళతోను నిర్మించారు. ఆ విధంగా వానరులసహాయంతో లంకకు వారధి నిర్మించడం, రావణుని సంహరించడం జరిగింది. కనుక రాముడే ఈ వారధిని నిర్మించాడని, అందుకే దీనిని రామసేతు అంటారని హిందువుల నమ్మకం.

వాదనలు[మార్చు]

Shoals in the Mississippi River at Arkansas and Mississippi, USA.

యుద్ధకాండ 22:66-70 ప్రకారం వానరులు మొదటి రోజు 14 యోజనాలు, రెండవ రోజు 20 యోజనాలు, మూడవ రోజు 21 యోజనాలు, నాల్గవ రోజు 22 యోజనాలు, ఐదవరోజు 23 యోజనాలు - మొత్తం 100 యోజనాలు శ్రీలంక గట్టువరకూ నిర్మించి చివరకు లంక ఒడ్డుకు చేరారు.. అనగా 5 రోజుల్లో నిర్మించిన రామ సేతువంతెన పొడవు 14+20+21+ 22+23 = 100 యోజనాలు . యోజనము అనగా 3 మైళ్ళు. అనగా ఐదు రోజుల్లో 100x3= 300 మైళ్ళు నిర్మించడం జరిగింది ; మైలు అనగా 1.6 కిలో మీటర్లు, అనగా వానరులు 5 రోజుల్లో 300x1.6=480 కిలోమీటర్ల వంతెన కట్టడం అతిశయోక్తి అని, రామసేతు అసలైన పొడవు కేవలం 30 కిలోమీటర్లు [2] అయితే 480 కిలోమీటర్లు ఎలా సాధ్యం అయ్యిందని, అసలు 5 రోజుల్లో కనీసం 30 కిలోమీటర్ల వంతెన కూడా నిర్మించడం అసంభవమని వాదించేవారు లేకపోలేదు . లంక అనగా సముద్ర తీర ప్రాంతము లేక చిన్న ద్వీపము. రామాయణం ప్రకారం లంకా ద్వీపం భారత దేశానికి 480 కిలోమీటర్లు (100 యోజనాలు) దూరంలో ఉంది. కాని నేటి వాస్తవాన్ని పరిశీలిస్తే భారతదేశం నుండి శ్రీలంక కేవలం 30 నుండి 60 కిలోమీటర్ల దూరంలో మాత్రమే ఉంది. భూమి పై మంచు కరిగిపోవడం వల్ల సముద్ర మట్టం పెరిగి రెండు ప్రదేశాల మధ్య దూరం పెరుగుతుందే గాని తగ్గదు. కనుక రామయణంలో పేర్కొనబడిన లంక అనగా వాస్తవంగా శ్రీలంక అని అనుకోవక్కర్లేదని వాదించేవారు లేకపోలేదు. "దైవసంభూతుడైన శ్రీరాముడు చివరకు వానరుల మీద ఎందుకు ఆధారపడవలసి వచ్చింది? నేరుగా శ్రీరాముడే పడవమీద లంకకు వెళ్ళొచ్చు కదా? లేదా హనుమంతుడి వీపు మీదే వెళ్ళొచ్చు కదా? వాల్మీకి మహర్షి బ్రతుకు తెరువు కోసం ఉత్తరం నుండి దక్షిణానికి వలస వస్తూ మార్గ మధ్యంలో తన రామాయణ కావ్యాన్ని వ్రాసుకుంటూ, ఆఖరిగా రామేశ్వరానికి వచ్చి అక్కడ యుద్ధకాండ ఊహించుకొని వ్రాసివుంటాడని, తర్వాత అక్కడే లేదా లంకలోనే తనువుచాలించాడని " కొంతమంది విష్లేషకుల వాదన.

దిబ్బలు ఏర్పడే విధానం[మార్చు]

సర్వసాధారణంగా సముద్రాల్లోని దగ్గరగా ఉన్న రెండు ద్వీపాల మధ్య ఇసుక / సున్నపు రాళ్ళ దిబ్బలు సముద్ర కెరటాల వల్ల ఏర్పడతాయి. (ఇంకా వుంది)

A tidal sandbar connecting the islands of Waya and Wayasewa of the Yasawa Islands, Fiji.

Waves approaching a shoreline begin shoaling and breaking a short distance from the land as the body of water they cross grows rapidly more shallow. As they break at the shoreline, the waves lose their forward momentum and a reverse current is created at the bottom as the water returns.

This current picks up sand, silt and rocks and carries it a short distance out. When the current dissipates into the larger body of water, the material is deposited. The deposit gradually rises in height until an underwater shoal or bar is formed. As the wave action and reverse currents along a straight shore are regularly perpendicular to the shore, the bar grows into a long and narrow shape, and forms parallel to the shore.

ప్రపంచంలోని దిబ్బలు[మార్చు]

name type elevation coordinate USGS Map GNIS ID
Tom Fry Eddy (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 33 ft (10 m) 42°33′08″N 124°04′12″W / 42.55222°N 124.07000°W / 42.55222; -124.07000 (Tom Fry Eddy (Curry County, Oregon)) Agness మూస:Gnis4
Walker Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 39 ft (12 m) 42°36′22″N 124°03′51″W / 42.60611°N 124.06417°W / 42.60611; -124.06417 (Walker Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Agness మూస:Gnis4
Agness Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 36 ft (11 m) 42°33′04″N 124°04′02″W / 42.55111°N 124.06722°W / 42.55111; -124.06722 (Agness Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Agness మూస:Gnis4
Lynch Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 58 ft (18 m) 42°30′09″N 124°02′10″W / 42.50250°N 124.03611°W / 42.50250; -124.03611 (Lynch Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Agness మూస:Gnis4
Taylor Sands (Clatsop County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 46°13′52″N 123°47′06″W / 46.23111°N 123.78500°W / 46.23111; -123.78500 (Taylor Sands (Clatsop County, Oregon)) Astoria మూస:Gnis4
Tongue Point Bar (Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 46°13′31″N 123°46′04″W / 46.22528°N 123.76778°W / 46.22528; -123.76778 (Tongue Point Bar (Oregon)) Astoria మూస:Gnis4
Upper Sands (Clatsop County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 46°11′44″N 123°51′35″W / 46.19556°N 123.85972°W / 46.19556; -123.85972 (Upper Sands (Clatsop County, Oregon)) Astoria మూస:Gnis4
Gardner Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 51 ft (16 m) 42°10′39″N 124°08′34″W / 42.17750°N 124.14278°W / 42.17750; -124.14278 (Gardner Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Bosley Butte మూస:Gnis4
Miller Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 47 ft (14 m) 42°08′29″N 124°10′24″W / 42.14139°N 124.17333°W / 42.14139; -124.17333 (Miller Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Bosley Butte మూస:Gnis4
Fashion Reef (Multnomah County, Oregon) Bar 6 ft (1.8 m) 45°34′50″N 122°07′59″W / 45.58056°N 122.13306°W / 45.58056; -122.13306 (Fashion Reef (Multnomah County, Oregon)) Bridal Veil మూస:Gnis4
Lobster Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 13 ft (4.0 m) 42°30′00″N 124°18′02″W / 42.50000°N 124.30056°W / 42.50000; -124.30056 (Lobster Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Brushy Bald Mountain మూస:Gnis4
Black Bar (Josephine County, Oregon) Bar 149 ft (45 m) 42°39′25″N 123°43′53″W / 42.65694°N 123.73139°W / 42.65694; -123.73139 (Black Bar (Josephine County, Oregon)) Bunker Creek మూస:Gnis4
Tyee Bar (Josephine County, Oregon) Bar 172 ft (52 m) 42°39′27″N 123°39′26″W / 42.65750°N 123.65722°W / 42.65750; -123.65722 (Tyee Bar (Josephine County, Oregon)) Bunker Creek మూస:Gnis4
Dug Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon) Bar 310 ft (94 m) 45°48′26″N 116°41′22″W / 45.80722°N 116.68944°W / 45.80722; -116.68944 (Dug Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon)) Cactus Mountain మూస:Gnis4
One Reef (Clark County, Washington) Bar 6 ft (1.8 m) 45°34′06″N 122°24′35″W / 45.56833°N 122.40972°W / 45.56833; -122.40972 (One Reef (Clark County, Washington)) Camas మూస:Gnis4
New Era Bar (Clackamas County, Oregon) Bar 19 ft (5.8 m) 45°17′38″N 122°39′31″W / 45.29389°N 122.65861°W / 45.29389; -122.65861 (New Era Bar (Clackamas County, Oregon)) Canby మూస:Gnis4
Horseshoe Bar (Grant County, Oregon) Bar 1,020 ft (310 m) 44°21′57″N 118°57′19″W / 44.36583°N 118.95528°W / 44.36583; -118.95528 (Horseshoe Bar (Grant County, Oregon)) Canyon Mountain మూస:Gnis4
Lawson Bar (Douglas County, Oregon) Bar 195 ft (59 m) 42°57′09″N 123°20′09″W / 42.95250°N 123.33583°W / 42.95250; -123.33583 (Lawson Bar (Douglas County, Oregon)) Canyonville మూస:Gnis4
Simpson Reef (Coos County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 43°18′58″N 124°24′19″W / 43.31611°N 124.40528°W / 43.31611; -124.40528 (Simpson Reef (Coos County, Oregon)) Cape Arago మూస:Gnis4
Blanco Reef (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 42°49′44″N 124°35′10″W / 42.82889°N 124.58611°W / 42.82889; -124.58611 (Blanco Reef (Curry County, Oregon)) Cape Blanco మూస:Gnis4
Orford Reef (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 42°47′06″N 124°36′53″W / 42.78500°N 124.61472°W / 42.78500; -124.61472 (Orford Reef (Curry County, Oregon)) Cape Blanco మూస:Gnis4
Tituna Spit (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 2 ft (0.61 m) 42°47′54″N 124°31′39″W / 42.79833°N 124.52750°W / 42.79833; -124.52750 (Tituna Spit (Curry County, Oregon)) Cape Blanco మూస:Gnis4
Seattle Bar (historical) (Jackson County, Oregon) Bar 600 ft (180 m) 42°00′44″N 123°09′04″W / 42.01222°N 123.15111°W / 42.01222; -123.15111 (Seattle Bar (historical) (Jackson County, Oregon)) Carberry Creek మూస:Gnis4
Puget Bar (historical) (Clatsop County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 46°12′12″N 123°26′09″W / 46.20333°N 123.43583°W / 46.20333; -123.43583 (Puget Bar (historical) (Clatsop County, Oregon)) Cathlamet మూస:Gnis4
Mussel Reef (Coos County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 43°20′44″N 124°21′47″W / 43.34556°N 124.36306°W / 43.34556; -124.36306 (Mussel Reef (Coos County, Oregon)) Charleston మూస:Gnis4
Allison Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon) Bar 28 ft (8.5 m) 45°08′02″N 123°00′49″W / 45.13389°N 123.01361°W / 45.13389; -123.01361 (Allison Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon)) Dayton మూస:Gnis4
Brentano Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon) Bar 29 ft (8.8 m) 45°13′28″N 123°01′37″W / 45.22444°N 123.02694°W / 45.22444; -123.02694 (Brentano Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon)) Dayton మూస:Gnis4
Candiani Bar (Marion County, Oregon) Bar 24 ft (7.3 m) 45°12′36″N 123°03′05″W / 45.21000°N 123.05139°W / 45.21000; -123.05139 (Candiani Bar (Marion County, Oregon)) Dayton మూస:Gnis4
Duke Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon) Bar 25 ft (7.6 m) 45°08′38″N 123°01′55″W / 45.14389°N 123.03194°W / 45.14389; -123.03194 (Duke Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon)) Dayton మూస:Gnis4
Fairfield Bar (Marion County, Oregon) Bar 54 ft (16 m) 45°08′18″N 123°00′54″W / 45.13833°N 123.01500°W / 45.13833; -123.01500 (Fairfield Bar (Marion County, Oregon)) Dayton మూస:Gnis4
Five Islands Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon) Bar 23 ft (7.0 m) 45°11′01″N 123°01′04″W / 45.18361°N 123.01778°W / 45.18361; -123.01778 (Five Islands Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon)) Dayton మూస:Gnis4
Lower Lambert Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon) Bar 24 ft (7.3 m) 45°09′37″N 123°00′47″W / 45.16028°N 123.01306°W / 45.16028; -123.01306 (Lower Lambert Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon)) Dayton మూస:Gnis4
Upper Lambert Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon) Bar 25 ft (7.6 m) 45°09′32″N 123°01′58″W / 45.15889°N 123.03278°W / 45.15889; -123.03278 (Upper Lambert Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon)) Dayton మూస:Gnis4
Weston Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon) Bar 23 ft (7.0 m) 45°12′04″N 123°01′27″W / 45.20111°N 123.02417°W / 45.20111; -123.02417 (Weston Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon)) Dayton మూస:Gnis4
Coffee Island Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon) Bar 23 ft (7.0 m) 45°11′26″N 123°01′13″W / 45.19056°N 123.02028°W / 45.19056; -123.02028 (Coffee Island Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon)) Dayton మూస:Gnis4
Feasters Rocks (Marion County, Oregon) Bar 32 ft (9.8 m) 45°10′07″N 123°00′09″W / 45.16861°N 123.00250°W / 45.16861; -123.00250 (Feasters Rocks (Marion County, Oregon)) Dayton మూస:Gnis4
Snaggy Bend Bar (Marion County, Oregon) Bar 29 ft (8.8 m) 45°07′39″N 123°00′21″W / 45.12750°N 123.00583°W / 45.12750; -123.00583 (Snaggy Bend Bar (Marion County, Oregon)) Dayton మూస:Gnis4
Mission Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon) Bar 23 ft (7.0 m) 45°13′22″N 123°00′13″W / 45.22278°N 123.00361°W / 45.22278; -123.00361 (Mission Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon)) Dayton మూస:Gnis4
Eureka Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon) Bar 284 ft (87 m) 45°49′31″N 116°46′54″W / 45.82528°N 116.78167°W / 45.82528; -116.78167 (Eureka Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon)) Deadhorse Ridge మూస:Gnis4
Brandy Bar (Douglas County, Oregon) Bar 2 ft (0.61 m) 43°40′44″N 123°55′46″W / 43.67889°N 123.92944°W / 43.67889; -123.92944 (Brandy Bar (Douglas County, Oregon)) Deer Head Point మూస:Gnis4
Hunter Bar (Columbia County, Oregon) Bar 1 ft (0.30 m) 45°59′57″N 122°51′45″W / 45.99917°N 122.86250°W / 45.99917; -122.86250 (Hunter Bar (Columbia County, Oregon)) Deer Island మూస:Gnis4
Flat Rock (Lincoln County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 44°48′27″N 124°04′09″W / 44.80750°N 124.06917°W / 44.80750; -124.06917 (Flat Rock (Lincoln County, Oregon)) Depoe Bay మూస:Gnis4
North Reef (Lincoln County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 44°48′41″N 124°04′12″W / 44.81139°N 124.07000°W / 44.81139; -124.07000 (North Reef (Lincoln County, Oregon)) Depoe Bay మూస:Gnis4
Bunch Bar (Douglas County, Oregon) Bar 32 ft (9.8 m) 43°38′19″N 123°40′24″W / 43.63861°N 123.67333°W / 43.63861; -123.67333 (Bunch Bar (Douglas County, Oregon)) Devils Graveyard మూస:Gnis4
Fairview Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon) Bar 631 ft (192 m) 45°58′52″N 117°36′25″W / 45.98111°N 117.60694°W / 45.98111; -117.60694 (Fairview Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon)) Eden Ridge మూస:Gnis4
North Spit (Coos County, Oregon) Bar 7 ft (2.1 m) 43°23′11″N 124°18′37″W / 43.38639°N 124.31028°W / 43.38639; -124.31028 (North Spit (Coos County, Oregon)) Empire మూస:Gnis4
Skinners Bar (Lane County, Oregon) Bar 120 ft (37 m) 44°04′14″N 123°06′51″W / 44.07056°N 123.11417°W / 44.07056; -123.11417 (Skinners Bar (Lane County, Oregon)) Eugene East మూస:Gnis4
Two Sisters Bar (Lane County, Oregon) Bar 117 ft (36 m) 44°06′09″N 123°06′19″W / 44.10250°N 123.10528°W / 44.10250; -123.10528 (Two Sisters Bar (Lane County, Oregon)) Eugene East మూస:Gnis4
North Fork Shoal (Lane County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 43°58′29″N 124°04′54″W / 43.97472°N 124.08167°W / 43.97472; -124.08167 (North Fork Shoal (Lane County, Oregon)) Florence మూస:Gnis4
Taylor Creek Bar (Josephine County, Oregon) Bar 227 ft (69 m) 42°33′10″N 123°33′59″W / 42.55278°N 123.56639°W / 42.55278; -123.56639 (Taylor Creek Bar (Josephine County, Oregon)) Galice మూస:Gnis4
Almeda Bar (Josephine County, Oregon) Bar 254 ft (77 m) 42°36′19″N 123°34′59″W / 42.60528°N 123.58306°W / 42.60528; -123.58306 (Almeda Bar (Josephine County, Oregon)) Galice మూస:Gnis4
Sibley Sands (Tillamook County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 45°31′08″N 123°54′22″W / 45.51889°N 123.90611°W / 45.51889; -123.90611 (Sibley Sands (Tillamook County, Oregon)) Garibaldi మూస:Gnis4
Kilchis Flat (Tillamook County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 45°30′15″N 123°53′01″W / 45.50417°N 123.88361°W / 45.50417; -123.88361 (Kilchis Flat (Tillamook County, Oregon)) Garibaldi మూస:Gnis4
Tompkins Bar (Lincoln County, Oregon) Bar 28 ft (8.5 m) 45°07′10″N 122°59′52″W / 45.11944°N 122.99778°W / 45.11944; -122.99778 (Tompkins Bar (Lincoln County, Oregon)) Gervais మూస:Gnis4
Doyle Rock (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 4 ft (1.2 m) 42°25′36″N 124°25′27″W / 42.42667°N 124.42417°W / 42.42667; -124.42417 (Doyle Rock (Curry County, Oregon)) Gold Beach మూస:Gnis4
Elephant Rock (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 10 ft (3.0 m) 42°26′51″N 124°22′46″W / 42.44750°N 124.37944°W / 42.44750; -124.37944 (Elephant Rock (Curry County, Oregon)) Gold Beach మూస:Gnis4
Rogue River Reef (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 42°27′10″N 124°28′56″W / 42.45278°N 124.48222°W / 42.45278; -124.48222 (Rogue River Reef (Curry County, Oregon)) Gold Beach మూస:Gnis4
Ferry Hole Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 6 ft (1.8 m) 42°27′34″N 124°22′44″W / 42.45944°N 124.37889°W / 42.45944; -124.37889 (Ferry Hole Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Gold Beach మూస:Gnis4
Pittsburg Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon) Bar 350 ft (110 m) 45°37′39″N 116°28′20″W / 45.62750°N 116.47222°W / 45.62750; -116.47222 (Pittsburg Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon)) Grave Point మూస:Gnis4
Collier Bar (Josephine County, Oregon) Bar 91 ft (28 m) 42°24′59″N 124°00′39″W / 42.41639°N 124.01083°W / 42.41639; -124.01083 (Collier Bar (Josephine County, Oregon)) Horse Sign Butte మూస:Gnis4
Foster Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 51 ft (16 m) 42°38′03″N 124°02′52″W / 42.63417°N 124.04778°W / 42.63417; -124.04778 (Foster Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Illahe మూస:Gnis4
Horseshoe Bar (Lane County, Oregon) Bar 96 ft (29 m) 44°13′54″N 123°09′24″W / 44.23167°N 123.15667°W / 44.23167; -123.15667 (Horseshoe Bar (Lane County, Oregon)) Junction City మూస:Gnis4
Bells Shute Bar (Lane County, Oregon) Bar 105 ft (32 m) 44°10′29″N 123°08′34″W / 44.17472°N 123.14278°W / 44.17472; -123.14278 (Bells Shute Bar (Lane County, Oregon)) Junction City మూస:Gnis4
Maupin Bar (Douglas County, Oregon) Bar 48 ft (15 m) 43°34′54″N 123°32′04″W / 43.58167°N 123.53444°W / 43.58167; -123.53444 (Maupin Bar (Douglas County, Oregon)) Kellogg మూస:Gnis4
Jones Bar (Douglas County, Oregon) Bar 43 ft (13 m) 43°35′15″N 123°31′34″W / 43.58750°N 123.52611°W / 43.58750; -123.52611 (Jones Bar (Douglas County, Oregon)) Kellogg మూస:Gnis4
Battle Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 143 ft (44 m) 42°42′27″N 123°47′22″W / 42.70750°N 123.78944°W / 42.70750; -123.78944 (Battle Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Kelsey Peak మూస:Gnis4
China Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 116 ft (35 m) 42°42′59″N 123°52′29″W / 42.71639°N 123.87472°W / 42.71639; -123.87472 (China Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Kelsey Peak మూస:Gnis4
Missouri Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 115 ft (35 m) 42°42′36″N 123°49′55″W / 42.71000°N 123.83194°W / 42.71000; -123.83194 (Missouri Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Kelsey Peak మూస:Gnis4
Winkle Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 145 ft (44 m) 42°42′04″N 123°48′20″W / 42.70111°N 123.80556°W / 42.70111; -123.80556 (Winkle Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Kelsey Peak మూస:Gnis4
Oregon Bar (Josephine County, Oregon) Bar 642 ft (196 m) 42°07′49″N 123°27′49″W / 42.13028°N 123.46361°W / 42.13028; -123.46361 (Oregon Bar (Josephine County, Oregon)) Kerby Peak మూస:Gnis4
Yankee Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon) Bar 367 ft (112 m) 45°34′27″N 116°29′34″W / 45.57417°N 116.49278°W / 45.57417; -116.49278 (Yankee Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon)) Kirkwood Creek మూస:Gnis4
Jim Crow Sands (Clatsop County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 46°14′57″N 123°34′45″W / 46.24917°N 123.57917°W / 46.24917; -123.57917 (Jim Crow Sands (Clatsop County, Oregon)) Knappa మూస:Gnis4
Oswego Rock (Clackamas County, Oregon) Bar 14 ft (4.3 m) 45°24′41″N 122°39′21″W / 45.41139°N 122.65583°W / 45.41139; -122.65583 (Oswego Rock (Clackamas County, Oregon)) Lake Oswego మూస:Gnis4
Thesing Bar (Clackamas County, Oregon) Bar 3 ft (0.91 m) 45°25′31″N 122°39′10″W / 45.42528°N 122.65278°W / 45.42528; -122.65278 (Thesing Bar (Clackamas County, Oregon)) Lake Oswego మూస:Gnis4
Caribou Bar (Baker County, Oregon) Bar 708 ft (216 m) 44°27′16″N 117°19′48″W / 44.45444°N 117.33000°W / 44.45444; -117.33000 (Caribou Bar (Baker County, Oregon)) Lime మూస:Gnis4
Salishan Spit (Lincoln County, Oregon) Bar 1 ft (0.30 m) 44°54′34″N 124°01′49″W / 44.90944°N 124.03028°W / 44.90944; -124.03028 (Salishan Spit (Lincoln County, Oregon)) Lincoln City మూస:Gnis4
Siletz Reef (Lincoln County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 44°57′30″N 124°02′30″W / 44.95833°N 124.04167°W / 44.95833; -124.04167 (Siletz Reef (Lincoln County, Oregon)) Lincoln City మూస:Gnis4
Tacklebuster Reef (Lincoln County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 44°57′26″N 124°02′15″W / 44.95722°N 124.03750°W / 44.95722; -124.03750 (Tacklebuster Reef (Lincoln County, Oregon)) Lincoln City మూస:Gnis4
Mack Reef (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 42°14′22″N 124°24′56″W / 42.23944°N 124.41556°W / 42.23944; -124.41556 (Mack Reef (Curry County, Oregon)) Mack Point మూస:Gnis4
Gleason Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 86 ft (26 m) 42°42′12″N 123°55′25″W / 42.70333°N 123.92361°W / 42.70333; -123.92361 (Gleason Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Marial మూస:Gnis4
Blossom Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 85 ft (26 m) 42°42′08″N 123°55′17″W / 42.70222°N 123.92139°W / 42.70222; -123.92139 (Blossom Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Marial మూస:Gnis4
Brushy Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 71 ft (22 m) 42°40′45″N 123°56′49″W / 42.67917°N 123.94694°W / 42.67917; -123.94694 (Brushy Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Marial మూస:Gnis4
Half Moon Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 101 ft (31 m) 42°41′36″N 123°56′31″W / 42.69333°N 123.94194°W / 42.69333; -123.94194 (Half Moon Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Marial మూస:Gnis4
Paradise Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 107 ft (33 m) 42°41′52″N 123°56′04″W / 42.69778°N 123.93444°W / 42.69778; -123.93444 (Paradise Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Marial మూస:Gnis4
Solitude Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 77 ft (23 m) 42°40′16″N 123°57′20″W / 42.67111°N 123.95556°W / 42.67111; -123.95556 (Solitude Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Marial మూస:Gnis4
Darrow Bar (Polk County, Oregon) Bar 32 ft (9.8 m) 45°00′15″N 123°04′16″W / 45.00417°N 123.07111°W / 45.00417; -123.07111 (Darrow Bar (Polk County, Oregon)) Mission Bottom మూస:Gnis4
Eldriedge Bar (Marion County, Oregon) Bar 29 ft (8.8 m) 45°06′40″N 123°00′13″W / 45.11111°N 123.00361°W / 45.11111; -123.00361 (Eldriedge Bar (Marion County, Oregon)) Mission Bottom మూస:Gnis4
Lincoln Bar (Marion County, Oregon) Bar 33 ft (10 m) 45°02′02″N 123°04′04″W / 45.03389°N 123.06778°W / 45.03389; -123.06778 (Lincoln Bar (Marion County, Oregon)) Mission Bottom మూస:Gnis4
Lincoln Rocks (Polk County, Oregon) Bar 32 ft (9.8 m) 45°01′00″N 123°04′32″W / 45.01667°N 123.07556°W / 45.01667; -123.07556 (Lincoln Rocks (Polk County, Oregon)) Mission Bottom మూస:Gnis4
Spongs Bar (Marion County, Oregon) Bar 36 ft (11 m) 45°01′34″N 123°04′21″W / 45.02611°N 123.07250°W / 45.02611; -123.07250 (Spongs Bar (Marion County, Oregon)) Mission Bottom మూస:Gnis4
Windsor Bar (Polk County, Oregon) Bar 29 ft (8.8 m) 45°03′17″N 123°04′07″W / 45.05472°N 123.06861°W / 45.05472; -123.06861 (Windsor Bar (Polk County, Oregon)) Mission Bottom మూస:Gnis4
Matheny Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon) Bar 31 ft (9.4 m) 45°06′14″N 123°00′54″W / 45.10389°N 123.01500°W / 45.10389; -123.01500 (Matheny Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon)) Mission Bottom మూస:Gnis4
Union Bar (Marion County, Oregon) Bar 29 ft (8.8 m) 45°04′39″N 123°04′01″W / 45.07750°N 123.06694°W / 45.07750; -123.06694 (Union Bar (Marion County, Oregon)) Mission Bottom మూస:Gnis4
Lone Tree Bar (Marion County, Oregon) Bar 38 ft (12 m) 45°04′07″N 123°03′44″W / 45.06861°N 123.06222°W / 45.06861; -123.06222 (Lone Tree Bar (Marion County, Oregon)) Mission Bottom మూస:Gnis4
Lower Martine Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon) Bar 28 ft (8.5 m) 45°06′04″N 123°01′28″W / 45.10111°N 123.02444°W / 45.10111; -123.02444 (Lower Martine Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon)) Mission Bottom మూస:Gnis4
Lower Simon Bar (Marion County, Oregon) Bar 29 ft (8.8 m) 45°03′29″N 123°03′21″W / 45.05806°N 123.05583°W / 45.05806; -123.05583 (Lower Simon Bar (Marion County, Oregon)) Mission Bottom మూస:Gnis4
McCall Bar (Marion County, Oregon) Bar 34 ft (10 m) 45°02′08″N 123°03′51″W / 45.03556°N 123.06417°W / 45.03556; -123.06417 (McCall Bar (Marion County, Oregon)) Mission Bottom మూస:Gnis4
McCloskie Bar (Marion County, Oregon) Bar 33 ft (10 m) 45°02′52″N 123°03′37″W / 45.04778°N 123.06028°W / 45.04778; -123.06028 (McCloskie Bar (Marion County, Oregon)) Mission Bottom మూస:Gnis4
Upper Martine Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon) Bar 26 ft (7.9 m) 45°06′18″N 123°01′42″W / 45.10500°N 123.02833°W / 45.10500; -123.02833 (Upper Martine Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon)) Mission Bottom మూస:Gnis4
Upper Simon Bar (Marion County, Oregon) Bar 32 ft (9.8 m) 45°03′16″N 123°03′21″W / 45.05444°N 123.05583°W / 45.05444; -123.05583 (Upper Simon Bar (Marion County, Oregon)) Mission Bottom మూస:Gnis4
Wheatland Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon) Bar 28 ft (8.5 m) 45°05′50″N 123°02′15″W / 45.09722°N 123.03750°W / 45.09722; -123.03750 (Wheatland Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon)) Mission Bottom మూస:Gnis4
Matheny Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon) Bar 29 ft (8.8 m) 45°06′16″N 123°00′47″W / 45.10444°N 123.01306°W / 45.10444; -123.01306 (Matheny Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon)) Mission Bottom మూస:Gnis4
Murphy Bar (Polk County, Oregon) Bar 47 ft (14 m) 44°49′40″N 123°09′24″W / 44.82778°N 123.15667°W / 44.82778; -123.15667 (Murphy Bar (Polk County, Oregon)) Monmouth మూస:Gnis4
Ostenbery Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 9 ft (2.7 m) 42°04′04″N 124°13′14″W / 42.06778°N 124.22056°W / 42.06778; -124.22056 (Ostenbery Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Mount Emily మూస:Gnis4
Multnomah Falls Bar (Multnomah County, Oregon) Bar 6 ft (1.8 m) 45°34′59″N 122°07′24″W / 45.58306°N 122.12333°W / 45.58306; -122.12333 (Multnomah Falls Bar (Multnomah County, Oregon)) Multnomah Falls మూస:Gnis4
Nehalem Spit (Tillamook County) Bar 7 ft (2.1 m) 45°41′09″N 123°56′14″W / 45.68583°N 123.93722°W / 45.68583; -123.93722 (Nehalem Spit) Nehalem మూస:Gnis4
North Spit (Tillamook County, Oregon) Bar 6 ft (1.8 m) 45°11′03″N 123°57′56″W / 45.18417°N 123.96556°W / 45.18417; -123.96556 (North Spit (Tillamook County, Oregon)) Nestucca Bay మూస:Gnis4
Netarts Spit (Tillamook County, Oregon) Bar 11 ft (3.4 m) 45°24′29″N 123°57′34″W / 45.40806°N 123.95944°W / 45.40806; -123.95944 (Netarts Spit (Tillamook County, Oregon)) Netarts మూస:Gnis4
Yaquina Reef (Lincoln County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 44°37′10″N 124°05′16″W / 44.61944°N 124.08778°W / 44.61944; -124.08778 (Yaquina Reef (Lincoln County, Oregon)) Newport South మూస:Gnis4
South Reef (Lincoln County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 44°36′10″N 124°05′18″W / 44.60278°N 124.08833°W / 44.60278; -124.08833 (South Reef (Lincoln County, Oregon)) Newport South మూస:Gnis4
Sawyer Bar (Lane County, Oregon) Bar 1,991 ft (607 m) 44°11′17″N 121°48′07″W / 44.18806°N 121.80194°W / 44.18806; -121.80194 (Sawyer Bar (Lane County, Oregon)) North Sister మూస:Gnis4
Eureka Bar (Columbia County, Oregon) Bar 7 ft (2.1 m) 46°09′49″N 123°13′44″W / 46.16361°N 123.22889°W / 46.16361; -123.22889 (Eureka Bar (Columbia County, Oregon)) Oak Point మూస:Gnis4
Pony Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon) Bar 433 ft (132 m) 45°27′15″N 116°34′34″W / 45.45417°N 116.57611°W / 45.45417; -116.57611 (Pony Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon)) Old Timer Mountain మూస:Gnis4
Miami Bar (Josephine County, Oregon) Bar 279 ft (85 m) 42°21′32″N 123°47′14″W / 42.35889°N 123.78722°W / 42.35889; -123.78722 (Miami Bar (Josephine County, Oregon)) Pearsoll Peak మూస:Gnis4
Prescott Bar (Columbia County, Oregon) Bar 2 ft (0.61 m) 46°03′04″N 122°53′09″W / 46.05111°N 122.88583°W / 46.05111; -122.88583 (Prescott Bar (Columbia County, Oregon)) Rainier మూస:Gnis4
Seaman Bar (Jackson County, Oregon) Bar 297 ft (91 m) 42°25′10″N 123°11′54″W / 42.41944°N 123.19833°W / 42.41944; -123.19833 (Seaman Bar (Jackson County, Oregon)) Rogue River మూస:Gnis4
Fishtrap Shoal (Columbia County, Oregon) Bar 4 ft (1.2 m) 45°47′45″N 122°47′31″W / 45.79583°N 122.79194°W / 45.79583; -122.79194 (Fishtrap Shoal (Columbia County, Oregon)) Saint Helens మూస:Gnis4
Saint Helens Bar (Columbia County, Oregon) Bar 9 ft (2.7 m) 45°52′03″N 122°47′31″W / 45.86750°N 122.79194°W / 45.86750; -122.79194 (Saint Helens Bar (Columbia County, Oregon)) Saint Helens మూస:Gnis4
Henrici Bar (historical) (Columbia County, Oregon) Bar 3 ft (0.91 m) 45°48′09″N 122°47′36″W / 45.80250°N 122.79333°W / 45.80250; -122.79333 (Henrici Bar (historical) (Columbia County, Oregon)) Saint Helens మూస:Gnis4
Ray Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon) Bar 23 ft (7.0 m) 45°14′08″N 122°59′50″W / 45.23556°N 122.99722°W / 45.23556; -122.99722 (Ray Bar (Yamhill County, Oregon)) Saint Paul మూస:Gnis4
Darrow Rocks (Polk County, Oregon) Bar 33 ft (10 m) 44°59′46″N 123°04′07″W / 44.99611°N 123.06861°W / 44.99611; -123.06861 (Darrow Rocks (Polk County, Oregon)) Salem West మూస:Gnis4
Beardsley Bar (Marion County, Oregon) Bar 35 ft (11 m) 44°59′25″N 123°03′45″W / 44.99028°N 123.06250°W / 44.99028; -123.06250 (Beardsley Bar (Marion County, Oregon)) Salem West మూస:Gnis4
Doves Bar (Marion County, Oregon) Bar 41 ft (12 m) 44°54′30″N 123°07′25″W / 44.90833°N 123.12361°W / 44.90833; -123.12361 (Doves Bar (Marion County, Oregon)) Salem West మూస:Gnis4
Gray Eagle Bar (Marion County, Oregon) Bar 39 ft (12 m) 44°55′16″N 123°06′25″W / 44.92111°N 123.10694°W / 44.92111; -123.10694 (Gray Eagle Bar (Marion County, Oregon)) Salem West మూస:Gnis4
Salmon Rock (Jackson County, Oregon) Bar 397 ft (121 m) 42°26′24″N 122°57′04″W / 42.44000°N 122.95111°W / 42.44000; -122.95111 (Salmon Rock (Jackson County, Oregon)) Sams Valley మూస:Gnis4
Post Office Bar (historical) (Multnomah County, Oregon) Bar 3 ft (0.91 m) 45°38′09″N 122°47′04″W / 45.63583°N 122.78444°W / 45.63583; -122.78444 (Post Office Bar (historical) (Multnomah County, Oregon)) Sauvie Island మూస:Gnis4
Whiteman Bar (Polk County, Oregon) Bar 48 ft (15 m) 44°47′52″N 123°06′18″W / 44.79778°N 123.10500°W / 44.79778; -123.10500 (Whiteman Bar (Polk County, Oregon)) Sidney మూస:Gnis4
Judson Rocks (Polk County, Oregon) Bar 46 ft (14 m) 44°49′15″N 123°06′44″W / 44.82083°N 123.11222°W / 44.82083; -123.11222 (Judson Rocks (Polk County, Oregon)) Sidney మూస:Gnis4
Kimball Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 15 ft (4.6 m) 42°28′54″N 124°18′54″W / 42.48167°N 124.31500°W / 42.48167; -124.31500 (Kimball Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Signal Buttes మూస:Gnis4
Canfield Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 13 ft (4.0 m) 42°28′09″N 124°21′04″W / 42.46917°N 124.35111°W / 42.46917; -124.35111 (Canfield Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Signal Buttes మూస:Gnis4
Coyote Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 10 ft (3.0 m) 42°28′14″N 124°20′24″W / 42.47056°N 124.34000°W / 42.47056; -124.34000 (Coyote Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Signal Buttes మూస:Gnis4
Orchard Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 14 ft (4.3 m) 42°29′29″N 124°18′32″W / 42.49139°N 124.30889°W / 42.49139; -124.30889 (Orchard Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Signal Buttes మూస:Gnis4
Dixson Bar (Grant County, Oregon) Bar 1,135 ft (346 m) 44°53′52″N 118°36′19″W / 44.89778°N 118.60528°W / 44.89778; -118.60528 (Dixson Bar (Grant County, Oregon)) Silver Butte మూస:Gnis4
Deadman Bar (Josephine County, Oregon) Bar 183 ft (56 m) 42°24′43″N 123°55′46″W / 42.41194°N 123.92944°W / 42.41194; -123.92944 (Deadman Bar (Josephine County, Oregon)) Silver Peak మూస:Gnis4
Rock Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon) Bar 426 ft (130 m) 45°19′50″N 116°40′04″W / 45.33056°N 116.66778°W / 45.33056; -116.66778 (Rock Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon)) Squirrel Prairie మూస:Gnis4
Two Bars (Wallowa County, Oregon) Bar 693 ft (211 m) 45°22′10″N 116°38′39″W / 45.36944°N 116.64417°W / 45.36944; -116.64417 (Two Bars (Wallowa County, Oregon)) Squirrel Prairie మూస:Gnis4
High Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon) Bar 392 ft (119 m) 45°30′25″N 116°33′29″W / 45.50694°N 116.55806°W / 45.50694; -116.55806 (High Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon)) Temperance Creek మూస:Gnis4
Little Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon) Bar 383 ft (117 m) 45°31′30″N 116°32′14″W / 45.52500°N 116.53722°W / 45.52500; -116.53722 (Little Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon)) Temperance Creek మూస:Gnis4
Greeley Bar (Malheur County, Oregon) Bar 845 ft (258 m) 43°12′30″N 117°32′17″W / 43.20833°N 117.53806°W / 43.20833; -117.53806 (Greeley Bar (Malheur County, Oregon)) The Hole in the Ground మూస:Gnis4
Clarks Bar (Tillamook County, Oregon) Bar 7 ft (2.1 m) 45°26′20″N 123°46′14″W / 45.43889°N 123.77056°W / 45.43889; -123.77056 (Clarks Bar (Tillamook County, Oregon)) Tillamook మూస:Gnis4
Caufield Bar (Tillamook County, Oregon) Bar 11 ft (3.4 m) 45°28′44″N 123°47′04″W / 45.47889°N 123.78444°W / 45.47889; -123.78444 (Caufield Bar (Tillamook County, Oregon)) Tillamook మూస:Gnis4
Chetco Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 240 ft (73 m) 42°16′54″N 123°57′49″W / 42.28167°N 123.96361°W / 42.28167; -123.96361 (Chetco Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Tincup Peak మూస:Gnis4
Taggarts Bar (Curry County, Oregon) Bar 298 ft (91 m) 42°16′00″N 123°55′01″W / 42.26667°N 123.91694°W / 42.26667; -123.91694 (Taggarts Bar (Curry County, Oregon)) Tincup Peak మూస:Gnis4
Powell Bar (Douglas County, Oregon) Bar 80 ft (24 m) 43°28′29″N 123°33′14″W / 43.47472°N 123.55389°W / 43.47472; -123.55389 (Powell Bar (Douglas County, Oregon)) Tyee మూస:Gnis4
Branton Bar (Douglas County, Oregon) Bar 101 ft (31 m) 43°23′34″N 123°32′34″W / 43.39278°N 123.54278°W / 43.39278; -123.54278 (Branton Bar (Douglas County, Oregon)) Tyee మూస:Gnis4
Heceta Bank (Lane County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 44°04′59″N 124°50′05″W / 44.08306°N 124.83472°W / 44.08306; -124.83472 (Heceta Bank (Lane County, Oregon)) Unknown మూస:Gnis4
Stonewall Bank (Lincoln County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 44°31′29″N 124°23′34″W / 44.52472°N 124.39278°W / 44.52472; -124.39278 (Stonewall Bank (Lincoln County, Oregon)) Unknown మూస:Gnis4
Geneva Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon) Bar 269 ft (82 m) 45°53′39″N 116°50′40″W / 45.89417°N 116.84444°W / 45.89417; -116.84444 (Geneva Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon)) Wapshilla Creek మూస:Gnis4
Desdemona Sands Bar 0 ft (0 m) 46°12′22″N 123°53′55″W / 46.20611°N 123.89861°W / 46.20611; -123.89861 (Desdemona Sands) Warrenton మూస:Gnis4
Jetty Sands (Clatsop County, Oregon) Bar 0 ft (0 m) 46°13′25″N 123°59′42″W / 46.22361°N 123.99500°W / 46.22361; -123.99500 (Jetty Sands (Clatsop County, Oregon)) Warrenton మూస:Gnis4
Onion Rock (Multnomah County, Oregon) Bar 6 ft (1.8 m) 45°32′32″N 122°16′08″W / 45.54222°N 122.26889°W / 45.54222; -122.26889 (Onion Rock (Multnomah County, Oregon)) Washougal మూస:Gnis4
Fishers Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon) Bar 546 ft (166 m) 45°14′23″N 116°42′22″W / 45.23972°N 116.70611°W / 45.23972; -116.70611 (Fishers Bar (Wallowa County, Oregon)) White Monument మూస:Gnis4
Ork Reef (Douglas County, Oregon) Bar 2 ft (0.61 m) 43°41′02″N 124°10′59″W / 43.68389°N 124.18306°W / 43.68389; -124.18306 (Ork Reef (Douglas County, Oregon)) Winchester Bay మూస:Gnis4
North Spit (Douglas County, Oregon) Bar 6 ft (1.8 m) 43°42′29″N 124°11′01″W / 43.70806°N 124.18361°W / 43.70806; -124.18361 (North Spit (Douglas County, Oregon)) Winchester Bay మూస:Gnis4
Panther Bar (Josephine County, Oregon) Bar 303 ft (92 m) 42°22′33″N 123°48′37″W / 42.37583°N 123.81028°W / 42.37583; -123.81028 (Panther Bar (Josephine County, Oregon)) York Butte మూస:Gnis4
Brushy Bar (Josephine County, Oregon) Bar 456 ft (139 m) 42°22′34″N 123°46′25″W / 42.37611°N 123.77361°W / 42.37611; -123.77361 (Brushy Bar (Josephine County, Oregon)) York Butte మూస:Gnis4

మూలాలు[మార్చు]

  1. "Adam's bridge". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Archived from the original on 12 October 2007
  2. Length taken from Google Earth

చూడవలసిన లింకులు[మార్చు]

"https://te.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=రామసేతు&oldid=2125411" నుండి వెలికితీశారు