ఖుర్దా రోడ్ - విశాఖపట్నం రైలు మార్గము

వికీపీడియా నుండి
(ఖుర్దా రోడ్-విశాఖపట్నం రైలు మార్గము నుండి దారిమార్పు చెందింది)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
ఖుర్దా రోడ్ - విశాఖపట్నం రైలు మార్గము
Khurda Road–Visakhapatnam section
18463 Prashanti Express at Alamanda with WAP-4 Loco.JPG
అలమండ రైల్వే స్టేషను వద్దనున్న 18463 ప్రశాంతి ఎక్స్‌ప్రెస్
అవలోకనం
స్థితిOperational
లొకేల్ఒరిస్సా, ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశ్
చివరిస్థానంఖుర్దా రోడ్ రైల్వే స్టేషను
విశాఖపట్నం జంక్షన్
ఆపరేషన్
ప్రారంభోత్సవం1899
యజమానిభారతీయ రైల్వే
నిర్వాహకులుతూర్పు తీర రైల్వే
సాంకేతికం
ట్రాక్ పొడవు424 km (263 mi)
ట్రాకుల సంఖ్య2
ట్రాక్ గేజ్1,676 మిమీ (5 అడుగులు 6 అం) Broad gauge
ఆపరేటింగ్ వేగంup to 130 km/h (81 mph)

ఖుర్దా రోడ్ - విశాఖపట్నం రైలు మార్గము (Khurda Road–Visakhapatnam section) ఒరిస్సా లోని ఖుర్దా రోడ్ రైల్వే స్టేషను మరియు ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశ్ లోని విశాఖపట్నం జంక్షన్ రైల్వే స్టేషన్లను కలుపుతున్న రైలు మార్గము. ఇది హౌరా-చెన్నై ప్రధాన రైలు మార్గములో ఒక భాగము.

  ఖుర్దా రోడ్ - విశాఖపట్నం భారత తూర్పు భాగములో ధ ప్రాంతానికి మరియు ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశ్ ఉత్తర భాగం లో విస్తరించిఉంది.మహానది ,చిలక సరస్సు ,నాగవళీ నది,వంశధార నదుల మీదుగా ఉంది.విశాఖపట్నం  1933 లో రేవుపట్నం గా మారడంతో ఈ మార్గము తాలుకు ప్రాధాన్యం పెరిగింది.ద.

Port development[మార్చు]

Visakhapatnam Port at the mouth of the Meghadrigedda was opened in 1933. It was initially developed by Bengal Nagpur Railway. The port has an inner harbour and an outer harbour . Visakhapatnam port handled 68.04 million tonnes of cargo in 2010-11, which was the second highest in India after Kandla. Visakhapatnam port is being upgraded to handle ships up to 200,000 DWT.[1][2]

Gangavaram Port came up in 2008 and is claimed to be deepest port in India, which can handle ships up to 200,000 DWT.[3]

A minor port is proposed to be developed at Bheemunipatnam, near the mouth of the Gosthani River.[4]

Gopalpur-on-Sea is being developed into a deep sea port capable of handling ships up to 120,000 DWT.[5]

చరిత్ర[మార్చు]

హౌరా-చెన్నై ప్రధాన రైలు మార్గము[మార్చు]

During the period 1893 to 1896, 1,287 km (800 mi) of railway tracks covering the entire coastal stretch from Cuttack to Vijayawada, was built and opened to traffic by East Coast State Railway.[6][7]Bengal Nagpur Railway’s line to Cuttack was opened on 1 January 1899.[6] The southern part of the East Coast State Railway (from Waltair to Vijayawada) was taken over by Madras Railway in 1901.[8] The 514 km (319 mi) long northern portion of the East Coast line to Cuttack, including the branch line to Puri, was taken over by Bengal Nagpur Railway in 1902.[7][9]

బ్రాంచి లైన్లు[మార్చు]

The 79 km (49 mi) Vizianagaram-Parvatipuram line was opened in 1908-09 and an extension to Salur was built in 1913. The Parvatipuram-Raipur line was completed in 1931.[6] (More information is available in the Jharsuguda-Vizianagaram line.)

In 1960, Indian Railway took up three projects: the Kottavalasa-Koraput-Jeypore-Kirandaul line (Dandakaranya Project ), the Titlagarh-Bolangir-Jharsuguda Project and the Rourkela-Kiriburu Project. All the three projects taken together were popularly known as the DBK Project or the Dandakaranya Bolangir Kiriburu Project.[10] The Kottavalasa-Kirandaul line was opened in 1966-67[7]

The Paralakhemedi Light Railway opened the Naupada-Gunupur line between 1900 and 1931.[6][11] The line was converted to broad gauge in 2011.[12]

రైల్వే పునర్వ్యవస్థీకరణ[మార్చు]

The Bengal Nagpur Railway was nationalized in 1944.[13] Eastern Railway was formed on 14 April 1952 with the portion of East Indian Railway Company east of Mughalsarai and the Bengal Nagpur Railway.[14] In 1955, South Eastern Railway was carved out of Eastern Railway. It comprised lines mostly operated by BNR earlier.[14][15] Amongst the new zones started in April 2003 were East Coast Railway and South East Central Railway. Both these railways were carved out of South Eastern Railway.[14]

విద్యుదీకరణ[మార్చు]

Howrah-Chennai Mail was the first train in South Eastern Railway to be hauled by a diesel engine (WDM-1) in 1965.[15]

The Khurda-Visakhapatnam section was completely electrified by 2002. The Howrah-Chennai route was completely electrified by 2005.[16]

వేగ నిరోధాలు[మార్చు]

The entire Kharagpur-Visakhapatnam-Vijayawada main line is classified as a "Group B" line which can take speeds up to 130 km/h. In the branch lines the speed limit is 100 km/hr.[17]

మూలాలు[మార్చు]

  1. "Port of Visakhapatnam". History. vizagport. Retrieved 2013-01-24.
  2. "Vizag port feels the heat of competition from Gangavaram". The Hindu Business Line, 19 April 2011. Access My Library. Retrieved 2013-01-24.
  3. "Welcome to Gangavaram Port". Port Gangavaram. Retrieved 2013-01-24. Cite web requires |website= (help)
  4. "Bheemunipatnam Port". Department of Ports, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 2013-01-24. Cite web requires |website= (help)
  5. "Gopalpur port". Retrieved 2013-01-25. Cite web requires |website= (help)
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Major Events in the Formation of S.E. Railway". South Eastern Railway. Retrieved 2013-01-02. Cite web requires |website= (help)
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "History of Waltair Division". Mannanna.com. Retrieved 2013-01-02. Cite web requires |website= (help)
  8. "IR History: Part III (1900-1947)". IRFCA. Retrieved 2013-01-19. Cite web requires |website= (help)
  9. "History". East Coast Railway. Retrieved 2013-01-02. Cite web requires |website= (help)
  10. Baral, Chitta. "History of Indian Railways in Orissa" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-11-27. Cite web requires |website= (help)
  11. "Paralakhemedi Light Railway". The Indian Express, 28 May 2009. Retrieved 2012-12-10. Cite web requires |website= (help)
  12. "Performance of Waltair Division in 2011-12". Waltair Division of East Coast Railway. Retrieved 2012-11-27. Cite web requires |website= (help)
  13. "IR History: Part - III (1900 - 1947)". IRFCA. Retrieved 2012-11-21. Cite web requires |website= (help)
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 "Geography – Railway Zones". IRFCA. Retrieved 2012-11-21. Cite web requires |website= (help)
  15. 15.0 15.1 "IR History: Part - IV (1947 - 1970)". IRFCA. Retrieved 2012-11-21. Cite web requires |website= (help)
  16. "IR History Part VII (2000-present)". IRFCA. Retrieved 2013-01-02. Cite web requires |website= (help)
  17. "Chapter II – The Maintenance of Permanent Way". Retrieved 2013-01-02. Cite web requires |website= (help)

బయటి లింకులు[మార్చు]