వేదిక:భారతీయ రైల్వేలు

వికీపీడియా నుండి
(Portal:Railways in India నుండి దారిమార్పు చెందింది)
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Railways in India Portal

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భారతీయ రైలు రవాణా వ్యవస్థ in భారత దేశము is one of the most common modes of long-distance transport. Rail operations are largely run by a state-owned company, భారతీయ రైల్వేలు. The rail network traverses the length and width of the country, covering a total length of 63,140 km (39,233 miles). It is said to be the ప్రపంచంలో 4 వ అతిపెద్ద రైల్వే నెట్వర్క్, transporting over 7 billion passengers and over 350 million tonnes of freight annually. Its operations cover twenty-five states and three union territories and also link the neighbouring countries of Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Railways were introduced to India in 1853, and by the time of India's independence in 1947 they had grown to forty-two rail systems. In 1951 the systems were nationalised as one unit—Indian Railways—to form one of the largest networks in the world. Locomotives manufactured at several places in India are assigned codes identifying their gauge, kind of power and type of operation. Colour signal lights are used as signals, but in some remote areas of operation, the older semaphores and discs-based signalling are still in use. Accommodation classes range from general through first class AC. Trains have been classified according to speed and area of operation. Many trains are officially identified by a four-digit code, though many are commonly known by unique names also. The ticketing system has been computerised to a large extent, and there are reserved as well as unreserved categories of tickets.

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Trucks on the Konkan Railway Rolling Highway

The Konkan Railway (Railway Symbol:KR) is a railway line which runs along the Konkan coast of India. It was constructed and is operated by the Konkan Railway Corporation, headquartered at Belapur in Navi Mumbai. It runs from Mangalore in Karnataka to Mumbai in Maharashtra through Goa, along the west coast of India and Western Ghats. With a line length of 738 km (458.57 mi) and with over 56 railway stations, it was first in India to Introduce Roll On Roll Off Technology. In 1990, E. Sreedharan was appointed the CMD of Konkan Railway Corporation on contract. Under his stewardship, the company executed its mandate in seven years.

The project was unique in many respects. It was the first major project in India to be undertaken on a BOT (Build-Operate-Transfer) basis; the organisation structure was different from that of a typical Indian Railway set-up; the project had 93 tunnels along a length of 82 km and involved tunneling through soft soil. The total project covered 760 km and had over 150 bridges. That a public sector project could be completed without significant cost and time overruns was considered an achievement by many and opened on 26 January 1998. The Anti Collision Device, Skybus Metro and Roll On Roll Off Technology are a few of the innovations from Konkan Railways.
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In the News

2019 in rail transport in India

  • July 20 – The government of Andra Pradesh announces that among the eight companies that submitted proposals, Larsen & Toubro is the preferred bidder for construction of the Hyderabad Metro in India, costing a proposed Indian Rupee symbol.svg122 billion. The state and federal governments will each finance 20% of the project while Larsen & Toubro will finance the remaining 60%. The project is expected to be completed in 2014. (Railway Gazette)
  • June 6 - Passengers of the Hazrat Nizamuddin-Visakhapatnam Samata Express had a narrow escape when its engine derailed near Arand railway station in Chhattisgarh, but no one was injured. Rail services through the track were affected for about five hours due to the derailment at an area between Arand and Bhimkhoj stations in Raipur section. The cause of derailment is yet to be ascertained, officials said.The Hindu
  • May 28 - At least 148 people were killed and more than 200 got injured after the Mumbai bound Gyaneshwari Express ,from Howrah Station, with 13 passenger coaches, was derailed by an explosion on the tracks and collided with another train as it traveled through the Paschim Medinipur district in West Bengal. The Naxalite-Maoist Group, which is suspected to have derailed the train which threw five of its carriages into the path of an oncoming goods train, however, deny the allegation.(Times of India) (BBC)


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Did you Know...

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The Union Pacific Railroad (UP) (NYSE: UNP), headquartered in Omaha, Nebraska, is the largest railroad network in the United States. James R. Young is president, CEO and Chairman. UP's route map covers most of the central and western United States west of Chicago and New Orleans. As of December 31, 2008 UP operates on 32,012 miles (51,518 km) of track, of which it owns outright26,171 miles (42,118 km). It has achieved this size as a result of purchasing a large number of other railroads, notably the Missouri Pacific, Chicago and North Western, Western Pacific, Missouri-Kansas-Texas, and the Southern Pacific (including the Rio Grande). Currently, Union Pacific owns 26% of Ferromex while Grupo Mexico owns the remaining 74%. UP's chief railroad competitor is the BNSF Railway, which covers much of the same territory.

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