Indian Railways (హిందీ: भारतीय रेल Bhāratīya Rail), abbreviated as IR (హిందీ: भारे), is the state-owned railway company of India, which owns and operates most of the country's rail transport. It is overseen by the Ministry of Railways of the Government of India.
Indian Railways has one of the largest and busiest rail networks in the world, transporting 20 million passengers and more than 2 million tonnes of freight daily. It is one of the world's largest commercial or utility employers, with more than 1.6 million employees. The railways traverse the length and breadth of the country, covering 6,909 stations over a total route length of more than 63,327 kilometres (39,350 mi). As to rolling stock, IR owns over 200,000 (freight) wagons, 50,000 coaches and 8,000 locomotives.
Railways were first introduced to India in 1853. By 1947, the year of India's independence, there were forty-two rail systems. In 1951 the systems were nationalised as one unit, becoming one of the largest networks in the world. IR operates both long distance and suburban rail systems on a multi-gauge network of broad, metre and narrow gauges. It also owns locomotive and coach production facilities.
The Indian railways were initially both designed and built by the British, during their colonial control of the continent.
గుంటూరు రైల్వే డివిజను is one of the six divisions of South Central Railway (SCR), a zone of the Indian Railways. It administer's the rail transport in the east-central areas of Andhra Pradesh and covers the districts of Nalgonda, Guntur, Kurnool and Prakasam. With a system length of 1748 km, it is the third largest division of SCR, with 67 major and minor stations spread over a total route length of 618.8 km. The Guntur Division is also one of the newest divisions of Indian Railways, when announced in 1997 by the then Railway Minister of India. It became fully functional from 1 April, 2003 with P.N Shukla as its first Divisional Railway Manager. Consisting entirely of Broad Gauge track, it was formed by merging the most far-flung and least productive stretches of Vijayawada, Secunderabad and Guntakal divisions of the South Central Railway. Guntur Junction is the largest railway station of this division, located in Guntur City.
The division's total expenditure in 2008-09 was to the tune of Rs. 1.35 billion. Its Performance Efficiency Index was therefore pegged at 57.04%. The corresponding figures for 2007-08 were 0.89 billion and 32.92% respectively. The headquarters of the Guntur Division is located at Rail Vikas Bhavan, Pattabhipuram, Guntur