ఆలిస్ మన్రో

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ఆలిస్ మన్రో
Alice Munro
Alice Munro.jpg
పుట్టిన తేదీ, స్థలంఆలిస్ ఆన్ లైడ్లా Photo by: Sheila Munro
(1931-07-10) 1931 జూలై 10 (వయస్సు: 88  సంవత్సరాలు)
ఒంటారియో, కెనడా
వృత్తిరచయిత
భాషఆంగ్లం
జాతీయతకెనడియన్
పౌరసత్వంకెనడా
పూర్వవిద్యార్థిThe University of Western Ontario[1]
రచనా రంగంచిన్నకథలు
ప్రభావంWilliam Maxwell, Eudora Welty, Jane Austen, Charlotte Brontë, Emily Brontë, Stendhal, Leo Tolstoy, Fyodor Dostoevsky, John Updike,[2] Ivan Turgenev, Anton Chekhov, Katherine Mansfield, James Joyce, Thomas Mann, Franz Kafka, Marcel Proust, Iris Murdoch
పురస్కారాలుGovernor General's Award (1968, 1978, 1986)
Giller Prize (1998, 2004)
Man Booker International Prize (2009)
Nobel Prize in Literature (2013)
జీవిత భాగస్వామిJames Munro (1951–1972)
Gerald Fremlin (1976–2013, his death)
సంతానం3

ఆలిన్ మన్రో ప్రపంచ స్థాయి కథా రచయిత్రి.కెనడాలో జన్మించిన ఈమె కథలలో సాధారణ కెనడా పౌరుని జీవన విధానము ప్రతిబింబిస్తుంది. ఈమె వ్రాసిన కథలే ఈమెకు నోబెల్ పురస్కారాన్ని సంపాదించి పెట్టాయి.

బాల్యము/విద్యాభ్యాసము[మార్చు]

ఆలిస్ మన్రో కెనడా లో జూలై 10 1931 లో జన్మించారు. ఆమె కెనడియన్ చిన్నకథల రచయిత్రి మరియు నోబుల్ బహుమతి గ్రహీత. ముంరో కథారచనలో విప్లబాత్మకమైన నిర్మాణశైలిని కలిగి ఉంది. కథను సమయానుకూలంగా మునుకూ వెనుకకూ నడుపుతూ వివరించడం ఆమె ప్రత్యేకత[3] ముంరోస్ ఊహలు అధికంగా స్థానిక హురాన్ కౌంటీ(దక్షిణ అంటారియా) నేపథ్యంలో సాగుతుంటాయి.[4] ఆమె కథలు మనవ వైవిధ్యాన్ని అధ్యయనం చేయడానికి సహకరిస్తాయి. ఆమె రచనలు సరళంగా ఉంటాయి.[5] సమకాలీన అద్భుతమైన కల్పితకథా సృష్టిలో ముంరో నిపుణురాలని భావిస్తున్నారు. [6]

ఆరంభకాల జీవితం[మార్చు]

ముంరో తల్లి అన్న్ లైడ్లా (విన్నింగ్‌హాం(అంటారియో) తండి రాబర్ట్ ఎరిక్ లైడ్లా నక్క మరియు మింక్‌లను పెంచుకునే వ్యవసాయదారుడు.[7] తరువాత ఆయన టర్కీలను వ్యవసాయం కూడా చేసాడు.[8] ఆమె తల్లి అన్న్ లైడ్లా (నీ చమ్నే) పాఠశాలలో ఉపాధ్యాయినిగా ఉన్నది. ముంరో టీనేజర్‌గా ఉన్నప్పుడే రచనావ్యాసంగం ఆరంభించింది. ఆమె రెండు సంవత్సరాల స్కాలర్ షిప్ తీసుకుంటూ విశ్వవిద్యాలయంలో జర్నలిజం అధ్యయనం చేసేసమయంలో " డైమెంషన్స్ ఆఫ్ ఎ షాడో " పుస్తకం రచించింది.[9][10] ఈ సమయంలో ఆమె వెయిట్రెస్, టుబాకో పికర్ మరియు గ్రంథాలయ గుమస్తాగా పనిచేసింది. 1951లో ఆమె విశ్వవిద్యాలయ విద్యను పూర్తిచేసింది.ఆమె 1949-1951 లో ఆంగ్లం ప్రధానంగా ఉన్నత విద్యను పూర్తిచేసింది. తరువాత ఆమె జేంస్ ముంరోను వివాహం చేసుకుంది. తరువాత జేంస్‌కు డిపార్ట్ మెంటల్ స్టోర్స్‌ పని లభించిన కారణంగా దంపతులు డూండర్వే (వెస్ట్ వాంకోవర్)కు తరలి వెళ్ళింది. 1963లో దంపతులు విక్టోరియా(బ్రిటిష్ కొలంబియా) కు తరలి వెళ్ళారు. అక్కడ వారు ప్రారంభించిన " ముంరో బుక్స్ " ఇప్పటికీ ఉనికిలో ఉంది.

కథా వస్తువు[మార్చు]

తాను పుట్టి పెరిగిన కెనడా లోని గ్రామీణ మహిళల జీవన విధానమే ఈమె కథలకు నేపథ్యం. మానవ సంభందాలు, సంతోషం, కోపం, దుఃఖం, నిరాశ, మానసిక వ్యధ ఇలాంటివే ఈమె కథలలో ముఖ్య వస్తువులు.

ప్రచురణలు[మార్చు]

ఈమె తన మొదటి కథల సంకలనాన్ని 1968 లో ప్రచురించారు. ఆ తర్వాత ఇటువంటివి సుమారు 15 వరకు ప్రచురించ బడ్డాయి. ఈమె రచనలు అట్లాంటిక్ మంత్లీ, ది పారిస్ రివ్యూ, వంటి పత్రికలలో ప్రచురితమయ్యాయి.

ఇతర రచనలు[మార్చు]

  • Dance of the Happy Shades (1968)
  • Lives of Girls and Women (1971)
  • Something I’ve Been Meaning to Tell You (1974)
  • Who Do You Think You Are? (1979)
  • The Moons of Jupiter (1982)
  • The Progress of Love (1986)
  • Friend of My Youth (1990)
  • Open Secrets (1994)
  • Selected Stories (1996)
  • The Love of a Good Woman (1998)
  • Hateship, Friendship, Courtship, Loveship, Marriage (2001)
  • Runaway (2004)
  • The View from Castle Rock (2006)
  • Alice Munro’s Best (2008)
  • Too Much Happiness (2009)
  • Dear Life (2012)

అవార్డులు[మార్చు]

ముంరో రచనలు పలువురి ప్రశంసలను అందుకున్నాయి. ఆమె చేసిన సాహిత్యసేవకు ఆమె 2013 లో సాహిత్యంలో నోబెల్ బహుమతి అందుకున్నది.[11] ఆమె జీవితసాధనగా 2009 లో " మాన్ బుకర్ ఇంటర్నేషనల్ " అవార్డ్‌ను అందుకున్నది. ఉహాత్మక రచనల కొరకు ఆమె మూడు మార్లు కెనడా ప్రభుత్వం నుండి " గవర్నల్ జనరల్ అవార్డ్ " అందుకున్నది. అంతేకాక రైటర్స్ ట్రస్ట్ ఆఫ్ కెనడా అవార్డును, 1996 లో మరియన్ అవార్డ్, 2004 లో" రన్‌వే " పుస్తకరచన కొరకు రోగార్స్ " రైటర్స్ ట్రస్ట్ ఫిక్షన్ ప్రైజ్ " అవార్డును అందుకున్నది.[11][12][13][14]

అనువాదాలు[మార్చు]

ఈమె రచనలు అనేక భాషలలోనికి అనువదించబడ్డాయి. ఆకోవలో ఈమె వ్రాసిన కథ బాయ్స్ అండ్ గాళ్స్ అనే కథను తెలుగులోకి జి. లక్ష్మి గారు అనువదించారు. ఈ తెలుగు కథను....... సాకం నాగరాజ, వాకా ప్రసాద్ లు సంకలనము చేసి ప్రచురించిన ప్రపంచ కథా సాహిత్యం అనే పుస్తకంలో మొదటికథగా ప్రచురించారు.

రచనావ్యాసంగానికి విరమణ[మార్చు]

ఈమె ఈ మధ్యనే తన రచనా వ్యాసంగాన్ని విరమించుకున్నట్లు ప్రకటించారు.

మూలాలు[మార్చు]

  1. Preface. Dance of the Happy Shades. Alice Munro. First Vintage contemporaries Edition, August 1998. ISBN 0-679-78151-X Vintage Books, A Division of Random House, Inc. New York.
  2. A Conversation with Alice Munro. Bookbrowse. Retrieved on: 2 June 2009.
  3. Alice Munro Wins Nobel Prize in Literature, by Julie Bosmans, The New York Times, 10 October 2013
  4. Marchand, P. (29 August 2009). "Open Book: Philip Marchand on Too Much Happiness, by Alice Munro". The National Post. Retrieved 5 September 2009.
  5. Meyer, M. "Alice Munro". Meyer Literature. మూలం నుండి 12 December 2007 న ఆర్కైవు చేసారు. Retrieved 21 November 2007. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help); Cite web requires |website= (help)[dead link]
  6. Merkin, Daphne (24 October 2004). "Northern Exposures". New York Times Magazine. Retrieved 25 February 2008.
  7. Jeanne McCulloch, Mona Simpson "Alice Munro, The Art of Fiction No. 137", The Paris Review No. 131, Summer 1994
  8. Gaunce, Julia, Suzette Mayr, Don LePan, Marjorie Mather, and Bryanne Miller, eds. "Alice Munro." The Broadview Anthology of Short Fiction. 2nd ed. Buffalo, NY: Broadview Press, 2012.
  9. Jason Winders (10 October 2013). "Alice Munro, LLD'76, wins 2013 Nobel Prize in Literature". Western News. The University of Western Ontario.
  10. "Canada's Alice Munro, 'master' of short stories, wins Nobel Prize in literature". CNN. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2013. Cite news requires |newspaper= (help)
  11. 11.0 11.1 "The Nobel Prize in Literature 2013 – Press Release" (PDF). 10 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. Cite web requires |website= (help)
  12. Bosman, Julie (10 October 2013). "Alice Munro Wins Nobel Prize in Literature". New York Times. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
  13. "Alice Munro wins Man Booker International prize". The Guardian. 27 May 2009.
  14. "Past Writers' Trust Engel/Findley Award Winners". Retrieved 7 April 2014. Cite web requires |website= (help)

వెలుపలి లింకులు[మార్చు]

Writing[మార్చు]

Many of Munro's stories are set in Huron County, Ontario. Her strong regional focus is one of the features of her fiction. Another is the omniscient narrator who serves to make sense of the world. Many compare Munro's small-town settings to writers from the rural South of the United States. As in the works of William Faulkner and Flannery O'Connor, her characters often confront deep-rooted customs and traditions, but the reaction of Munro's characters is generally less intense than their Southern counterparts'. Her male characters tend to capture the essence of the everyman, while her female characters are more complex. Much of Munro's work exemplifies the literary genre known as Southern Ontario Gothic.[1]

Munro's work is often compared with the great short-story writers. In her stories, as in Chekhov's, plot is secondary and "little happens." As with Chekhov, Garan Holcombe notes: "All is based on the epiphanic moment, the sudden enlightenment, the concise, subtle, revelatory detail." Munro's work deals with "love and work, and the failings of both. She shares Chekhov's obsession with time and our much-lamented inability to delay or prevent its relentless movement forward."[2]

A frequent theme of her work, particularly evident in her early stories, has been the dilemmas of a girl coming of age and coming to terms with her family and the small town she grew up in. In recent work such as Hateship, Friendship, Courtship, Loveship, Marriage (2001) and Runaway (2004) she has shifted her focus to the travails of middle age, of women alone, and of the elderly. It is a mark of her style for characters to experience a revelation that sheds light on, and gives meaning to, an event.

Munro's prose reveals the ambiguities of life: "ironic and serious at the same time," "mottoes of godliness and honor and flaming bigotry," "special, useless knowledge," "tones of shrill and happy outrage," "the bad taste, the heartlessness, the joy of it." Her style places the fantastic next to the ordinary, with each undercutting the other in ways that simply and effortlessly evoke life.[3] As Robert Thacker wrote:

Munro's writing creates... an empathetic union among readers, critics most apparent among them. We are drawn to her writing by its verisimilitude – not of mimesis, so-called and... 'realism' – but rather the feeling of being itself... of just being a human being."[4]

Many critics have asserted that Munro's stories often have the emotional and literary depth of novels. Some have asked whether Munro actually writes short stories or novels. Alex Keegan, writing in Eclectica, gave a simple answer: "Who cares? In most Munro stories there is as much as in many novels."[5]

Research on Munro's work has been undertaken since the early 1970s, with the first PhD thesis published in 1972.[6] The first book-length volume collecting the papers presented at the University of Waterloo first conference on her oeuvre was published in 1984, The Art of Alice Munro: Saying the Unsayable.[7] In 2003/2004, the journal Open Letter. Canadian quarterly review of writing and sources published 14 contributions on Munro's work, in Autumn 2010 the Journal of the Short Story in English (JSSE)/Les cahiers de la nouvelle dedicated a special issue to Munro, and in May 2012 an issue of the journal Narrative focussed on a single story by Munro, "Passion" (2004), with an introduction, a summary of the story, and five essays of analysis.[8]

Creating new versions[మార్చు]

Alice Munro publishes variant versions of her stories, sometimes within a short span of time. Her works "Save the Reaper" and "Passion" came out in two different versions in the same year, in 1998 and 2004 respectively. At the other end of the scale, two stories were republished in a variant version about 30 years later, "Home" (1974/2006) and "Wood" (1980/2009).[9]

Ann Close and Lisa Dickler Awano reported in 2006 that Munro had not wanted to reread the galleys of Runaway (2004): ”No, because I’ll rewrite the stories.” In their symposium contribution An Appreciation of Alice Munro they say that of her story ”Powers”, for example, Munro did eight versions in all.[10]

Section variants of "Wood".

Awano writes that "Wood" is a good example of how Munro, being "a tireless self-editor",[11] rewrites and revises a story, in this case returning to it for a second publication nearly thirty years later. In this case, Awano says, Munro revised characterizations, themes and perspectives, as well as rhythmic syllables, a conjunction or a punctuation mark. The characters change, too. Inferring from the perspective they take on things, they are middle-age in 1980, and in 2009 they are older. Awano perceives a heightened lyricism brought about not least by the poetic precision of the revision undertaken by the author.[11] The 2009 version is made up of eight sections instead of three in 1980, and it has a new ending. Awano writes that Munro literally "refinishes" the first take on the story, with an ambiguity that is characteristic of Munro’s endings, and that the author re-imagines her stories throughout her work a variety of ways.[11]

Several stories were re-published with considerable variation as to which content goes into which section. This can be seen, for example, in "Home", "The Progress of Love", "What Do You Want to Know For?", "The Children Stay", "Save the Reaper", "The Bear Came Over the Mountain", "Passion", "The View Fom Castle Rock", "Wenlock Edge", and "Deep-Holes".

Personal life[మార్చు]

Munro married James Munro in 1951. Their daughters Sheila, Catherine, and Jenny were born in 1953, 1955, and 1957 respectively; Catherine died 15 hours after birth.[ఉల్లేఖన అవసరం]

In 1963, the Munros moved to Victoria where they opened Munro's Books, a popular bookstore still in business. In 1966, their daughter Andrea was born. Alice and James Munro divorced in 1972.

Munro returned to Ontario to become writer in residence at the University of Western Ontario, and in 1976 received an honorary LLD from the institution. In 1976, she married Gerald Fremlin, a cartographer and geographer she met in her university days.[12] The couple moved to a farm outside Clinton, Ontario, and later to a house in Clinton, where Fremlin died on 17 April 2013, aged 88.[13] Munro and Fremlin also owned a home in Comox, British Columbia.[14]

At a Toronto appearance in October 2009, Munro indicated that she had received treatment for cancer and for a heart condition requiring coronary-artery bypass surgery.[15]

In 2002, her daughter Sheila Munro published a childhood memoir, Lives of Mothers and Daughters: Growing Up With Alice Munro.

Works[మార్చు]

Original short-story collections[మార్చు]

Short-story compilations[మార్చు]

  • Selected Stories (later retitled Selected Stories 1968-1994) – 1996
  • No Love Lost – 2003
  • Vintage Munro – 2004
  • Alice Munro's Best: A Selection of Stories – Toronto 2006/ Carried Away: A Selection of Stories – New York 2006; both with an introduction by Margaret Atwood
  • New Selected Stories – 2011
  • Lying Under the Apple Tree. New Selected Stories, 434 pages, 15 stories,[17] c Alice Munro 2011, Vintage, London 2014, ISBN 978-0-0995-9377-5 (paperback)
  • Family Furnishings: Selected Stories 1995-2014 - 2014

Selected awards and honours[మార్చు]

Awards[మార్చు]

Honors[మార్చు]

Notes and references[మార్చు]

  1. Susanne Becker, Gothic Forms of Feminine Fictions. Manchester University Press, 1999.
  2. Holcombe, Garan (2005). "Alice Munro". Contemporary Writers. London: British Arts Council. Retrieved 20 June 2007.
  3. Hoy, Helen (1980). "Dull, Simple, Amazing and Unfathomable: Paradox and Double Vision In Alice Munro's Fiction". Studies in Canadian Literature. University of New Brunswick. 5 (1). Retrieved 20 June 2007.
  4. Thacker, Robert (1998) Review of Some other reality: Alice Munro's Something I've been Meaning to Tell You, by Louis K. MacKendrick. Journal of Canadian Studies, Summer 1998.
  5. Keegan, Alex (August–September 1998). "Munro: The Short Answer". Eclectica. 2 (5). మూలం నుండి 25 June 2007 న ఆర్కైవు చేసారు. Retrieved 20 June 2007. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  6. J.R. (Tim) Struthers, Some Highly Subversive Activities: A Brief Polemic and a Checklist of Works on Alice Munro, in: Studies in Canadian Literature / Études en littérature canadienne (SCL/ÉLC), Volume 06, Number 1 (1981).
  7. The Art of Alice Munro: Saying the Unsayable (1984) was edited by Judith Miller. Source: Héliane Ventura, Introduction to Special issue: The Short Stories of Alice Munro, Journal of the Short Story in English / Les Cahiers de la nouvelle, No. 55, Autumn 2010.
  8. Journal of the Short Story in English (JSSE)/Les cahiers de la nouvelle special issue
  9. For details please see List of short stories by Alice Munro
  10. An Appreciation of Alice Munro, by Ann Close and Lisa Dickler Awano, Compiler and Editor. In: The Virginia Quarterly Review. VQR Symposium on Alice Munro. Summer 2006, S. 102–105.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Lisa Dickler Awano, Kindling The Creative Fire: Alice Munro’s Two Versions of “Wood”, New Haven Review, 30 May 2012.
  12. ఉదహరింపు పొరపాటు: సరైన <ref> కాదు; Westernnews అనే పేరుగల ref లకు పాఠ్యమేమీ ఇవ్వలేదు
  13. "Gerald Fremlin (obituary)". Clinton News-Record. April 2013. Retrieved 1 July 2013.
  14. ఉదహరింపు పొరపాటు: సరైన <ref> కాదు; HappyShadesVintage1998 అనే పేరుగల ref లకు పాఠ్యమేమీ ఇవ్వలేదు
  15. The Canadian Press (22 October 2009). "Alice Munro reveals cancer fight". CBC News. Retrieved 11 March 2010. Cite news requires |newspaper= (help)
  16. 16.0 16.1 Besner, Neil K., "Introducing Alice Munro's Lives of Girls and Women: A Reader's Guide" (Toronto: ECW Press), 1990
  17. See List of short stories by Alice Munro
  18. ఉదహరింపు పొరపాటు: సరైన <ref> కాదు; writerstrust.com/EngelFindley అనే పేరుగల ref లకు పాఠ్యమేమీ ఇవ్వలేదు
  19. "Past Rogers Writers' Trust Fiction Prize Winners". Retrieved 7 April 2014. Cite web requires |website= (help)
  20. "Trillium Book Award Winners". omdc.on.ca.
  21. "Medal Day History". MacDowell Colony. Retrieved 1 July 2015.
  22. The Booker Prize Foundation "Alice Munro wins 2009 Man Booker International Prize."
  23. ఉదహరింపు పొరపాటు: సరైన <ref> కాదు; nobelprize.org అనే పేరుగల ref లకు పాఠ్యమేమీ ఇవ్వలేదు
  24. "ARCHIVED – Canada Gazette – GOVERNMENT HOUSE". Gazette.gc.ca. 9 November 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2013. Cite web requires |website= (help)
  25. "Mint releases silver coin to honour Alice Munro's Nobel win". The Globe and Mail. 24 March 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
  26. "Alice Munro". 10 July 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2015. Cite web requires |website= (help)

Further reading[మార్చు]

  • Atwood, Margaret et al. "Appreciations of Alice Munro." Virginia Quarterly Review 82.3 (Summer 2006): 91–107. Interviews with various authors (Margaret Atwood, Russell Banks, Michael Cunningham, Charles McGrath, Daniel Menaker and others) presented in first-person essay format
  • Awano, Lisa Dickler. "Kindling The Creative Fire: Alice Munro's Two Versions of ‘Wood.'" New Haven Review (30 May 2012). Examining overall themes in Alice Munro's fiction through a study of her two versions of "Wood."
  • Awano, Lisa Dickler. "Alice Munro's Too Much Happiness." Virginia Quarterly Review (22 October 2010). Long-form book review of Too Much Happiness in the context of Alice Munro's canon.
  • Besner, Neil Kalman. Introducing Alice Munro's Lives of Girls and Women: a reader's guide. (Toronto: ECW Press, 1990)
  • Blodgett, E. D. Alice Munro. (Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1988)
  • Buchholtz, Miroslawa (ed.). Alice Munro. Understanding, Adapting, Teaching (Springer International Publishing, 2016)
  • Carrington, Ildikó de Papp. Controlling the Uncontrollable: the fiction of Alice Munro. (DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1989)
  • Carscallen, James. The Other Country: patterns in the writing of Alice Munro. (Toronto: ECW Press, 1993)
  • Cox, Alisa. Alice Munro. (Tavistock: Northcote House, 2004)
  • Dahlie, Hallvard. Alice Munro and Her Works. (Toronto: ECW Press, 1984)
  • Davey, Frank. 'Class, Family Furnishings, and Munro's Early Stories.' In Ventura and Conde. 79–88.
  • de Papp Carrington, Ildiko."What's in a Title?: Alice Munro's 'Carried Away.'" Studies in Short Fiction. 20.4 (Fall 1993): 555.
  • Dolnick, Ben. "A Beginner's Guide to Alice Munro" The Millions (5 July 2012)
  • Elliott, Gayle. "A Different Track: Feminist meta-narrative in Alice Munro's 'Friend of My Youth.'" Journal of Modern Literature. 20.1 (Summer 1996): 75.
  • Fowler, Rowena. "The Art of Alice Munro: The Beggar Maid and Lives of Girls and Women." Critique. 25.4 (Summer 1984): 189.
  • Garson, Marjorie. "Alice Munro and Charlotte Bronte." University of Toronto Quarterly 69.4 (Fall 2000): 783.
  • Genoways, Ted. "Ordinary Outsiders." Virginia Quarterly Review 82.3 (Summer 2006): 80–81.
  • Gibson, Douglas. Stories About Storytellers: Publishing Alice Munro, Robertson Davies, Alistair MacLeod, Pierre Trudeau, and Others. (ECW Press, 2011.) Excerpt.
  • Gittings, Christopher E.. "Constructing a Scots-Canadian Ground: Family history and cultural translation in Alice Munro." Studies in Short Fiction 34.1 (Winter 1997): 27
  • Hebel, Ajay. The Tumble of Reason: Alice Munro's discourse of absence. (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994)
  • Hiscock, Andrew. "Longing for a Human Climate: Alice Munro's 'Friend of My Youth' and the culture of loss." Journal of Commonwealth Literature 32.2 (1997): 18.
  • Hooper, Brad The Fiction of Alice Munro: An Appreciation (Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2008), ISBN 978-0-275-99121-0
  • Houston, Pam. "A Hopeful Sign: The making of metonymic meaning in Munro's 'Meneseteung.'" Kenyon Review 14.4 (Fall 1992): 79.
  • Howells, Coral Ann. Alice Munro. (New York: Manchester University Press, 1998), ISBN 978-0-7190-4558-5
  • Hoy, H. "'Dull, Simple, Amazing and Unfathomable': Paradox and Double Vision In Alice Munro's Fiction." Studies in Canadian Literature/Études en littérature canadienne (SCL/ÉLC), Volume 5.1. (1980).
  • Lecercle, Jean-Jacques. 'Alice Munro's Two Secrets.' In Ventura and Conde. 25–37.
  • Levene, Mark. "It Was About Vanishing: A Glimpse of Alice Munro's Stories." University of Toronto Quarterly 68.4 (Fall 1999): 841.
  • Lynch, Gerald. "No Honey, I'm Home." Canadian Literature 160 (Spring 1999): 73.
  • MacKendrick, Louis King. Some Other Reality: Alice Munro's Something I've Been Meaning to Tell You. (Toronto: ECW Press, 1993)
  • Martin, W.R. Alice Munro: paradox and parallel. (Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 1987)
  • Mazur, Carol and Moulder, Cathy. Alice Munro: An Annotated Bibliography of Works and Criticism. (Toronto: Scarecrow Press, 2007) ISBN 978-0810859241
  • McCaig, JoAnn. Reading In: Alice Munro's archives. (Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2002)
  • Miller, Judith, ed. The Art of Alice Munro: saying the unsayable: papers from the Waterloo conference. (Waterloo: Waterloo Press, 1984)
  • Munro, Sheila. Lives of Mother and Daughters: growing up with Alice Munro. (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 2001)
  • Pfaus, B. Alice Munro. (Ottawa: Golden Dog Press, 1984.)
  • Rasporich, Beverly Jean. Dance of the Sexes: art and gender in the fiction of Alice Munro. (Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 1990)
  • Redekop, Magdalene. Mothers and Other Clowns: the stories of Alice Munro. (New York: Routledge, 1992)
  • Ross, Catherine Sheldrick. Alice Munro: a double life. (Toronto: ECW Press, 1992.)
  • Simpson, Mona. A Quiet Genius The Atlantic. (December 2001)
  • Smythe, Karen E. Figuring Grief: Gallant, Munro and the poetics of elegy. (Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1992)
  • Somacarrera, Pilar. A Spanish Passion for the Canadian Short Story: Reader Responses to Alice Munro’s Fiction in Web 2.0 Open Access, in: Made in Canada, Read in Spain: Essays on the Translation and Circulation of English-Canadian Literature Open Access, edited by Pilar Somacarrera, de Gruyter, Berlin 2013, p. 129–144, ISBN 9788376560175
  • Steele, Apollonia and Tener, Jean F., editors. The Alice Munro Papers: Second Accession. (Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 1987)
  • Tausky, Thomas E. Biocritical Essay. The University of Calgary Library Special Collections (1986)
  • Thacker, Robert. Alice Munro: writing her lives: a biography. (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 2005)
  • Thacker, Robert. Ed. The Rest of the Story: critical essays on Alice Munro. (Toronto: ECW Press, 1999)
  • Ventura, Héliane, and Mary Condé, eds. Alice Munro. Open Letter 11:9 (Fall-Winter 2003-4). ISSN 0048-1939. Proceedings of the Alice Munro conference L'écriture du secret/Writing Secrets, Université d'Orléans, 2003.

External links[మార్చు]

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మూస:Alice Munro మూస:Giller Prize మూస:Marian Engel Award మూస:Nobel Prize in Literature మూస:2013 Nobel Prize winners