"మదన్ మోహన్ మాలవ్యా" కూర్పుల మధ్య తేడాలు

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"''సత్యమేవ జయతే''" అనే నినాదాన్ని వ్యాపింపచేసాడు. అతడు గొప్ప విద్యావేత్త, కర్మయోగి, [[భగవద్గీత]]ను పాటించెను. సమకాలిక నాయకుల వలే కులమత భేదములను పోగొట్టడానికి ప్రయత్నించాడు.
దేశ అత్యున్నత పురస్కారమైన భారతరత్న అవార్డును కేంద్ర ప్రభుత్వం మదన్ మోహన్ మాలవ్యాకు 2014లో ప్రకటించింది. ఈయనతోపాటు భాజపా వ్యవస్థాపక అధ్యక్షుడు వాజ్‌పేయీకి భారతరత్న ప్రకటించింది.
 
==రాజకీయ జీవితం==
In December 1886, Malaviya attended the 2nd [[Indian National Congress]] session in [[Calcutta]] under chairmanship of [[Dadabhai Naoroji]], where he spoke on the issue of representation in Councils. His address not only impressed Dadabhai but also Raja Rampal Singh, ruler of Kalakankar estate near [[Allahabad]], who started a Hindi weekly ''Hindustan'' but was looking for a suitable editor to turn it into a daily. Thus in July 1887, he left his school job and joined as the editor of the nationalist weekly, he remained here for two and a half years, and left for Allahabad to join [[L.L.B.]], it was here that he was offered co-editorship of ''The Indian Union'', an English daily. After finishing his law degree, he started practising law at Allahabad District Court in 1891, and moved to [[Allahabad High Court]] by December 1893<ref name=ou>{{cite book |title=Our Leaders (Volume 9 of Remembering Our Leaders): Madan Mohan Malaviya|last= |first= |year=1989 |publisher=[[Children's Book Trust]] |isbn=81-7011-842-5|pages=53–73 |url=http://books.google.co.in/books?id=2NoVNSyopVcC&pg=PA61&lpg=PA61&dq=Madan+Mohan+Malaviya+Scouting&source=bl&ots=4oVY8PFiXf&sig=bzIWnjpIp9KGyErYK9A3C6A_x4I&hl=en&ei=AntIS9WNIYqTkAWe6oD4Ag&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CAcQ6AEwADgo#v=onepage&q=&f=false |ref= }}</ref><ref>[http://www.msnspecials.in/independenceday/indian_warriors1.asp A brief summary of Indian Warriors]</ref> Malviya became the President of the Indian National Congress in 1909 and 1918. He was a moderate leader and opposed the separate electorates for Muslims under the [[Lucknow Pact]] of 1916. The "Mahamana" title was conferred to him by Mahatma Gandhi.
 
To redeem his resolve to serve the cause of education and social-service he renounced his well established practice of law in 1911, for ever. In order to follow the tradition of [[Sannyasa]] throughout his life, he pursued the avowed commitment to live on the society's support. But when 177 freedom fighters were convicted to be hanged in the Chouri-choura case he appeared before the court, despite his vow and got acquitted 156 freedom fighters.<ref name="Vishwa Samvada Kendra">{{cite news |title=RSS Resolution 2: 150th Birth Anniversary of Mhamana Malviya ji |url= http://samvada.org/2010/news/150th-birth-anniversary-of-malviya-ji/|publisher=[[Vishwa Samvada Kendra]] |date=31 October 2010 }}</ref>
 
He remained a member of the [[Imperial Legislative Council (India)|Imperial Legislative Council]] from 1912 and when in 1919 it was converted to the [[Central Legislative Assembly]] he remained its member as well, till 1926.<ref name=as>{{cite web |title=Old Secetariat:Important Members of Imperial Legislative Council |url=http://delhiassembly.nic.in/history_assembly.htm|publisher=[[Legislative Assembly of Delhi]] website |page=}}</ref> Malaviya was an important figure in the [[Non-cooperation movement]].<ref>{{cite news |title= Gandhi is Urged to Delay Break |url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9E03E0DC1E30EE3ABC4952DFB4668389639EDE |publisher=[[New York Times]] |date= 11 February 1922}}</ref> However, he was opposed to the politics of appeasement and the participation of Congress in the [[Khilafat movement]].
 
In 1928 he joined [[Lala Lajpat Rai]], [[Jawaharlal Nehru]] and many others in protesting against the [[Simon Commission]], which had been set up by the [[British Raj|British]] to consider India's future. Just as the "Buy British" campaign was sweeping England, he issued, on 30 May 1932, a [[manifesto]] urging concentration on the "Buy Indian" movement in India.<ref>{{cite news |title="Buy Indian" Move Gains|url=http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FB0915FC385A13738DDDA90B94DD405B828FF1D3 |publisher=[[The New York Times]] |date=30 May 1932 }}</ref> Malaviya was a delegate at the [[Round Table Conferences|First Round Table Conference]] in 1930. However, during the [[Civil Disobedience Movement]], he was arrested on 25 April 1932, along with 450 other Congress volunteers in Delhi, only a few days after he was appointed the President of Congress after the arrest of [[Sarojini Naidu]].<ref>{{cite news |title=450 Seized at Delhi for Defiance of Ban on Indian Congress |url=http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FB0813FC3F5A13738DDDAC0A94DC405B828FF1D3 | publisher=[[New York Times]] |date=25 April 1932 }}</ref>
 
In protest against the [[Communal Award]] which sought to provide separate electorates for minorities, Malaviya along with [[Madhav Shrihari Aney]] left the Congress and started the '''[[Congress Nationalist Party]]''' . The party contested the [[Indian general election, 1934|1934 elections]] to the central legislature and won 12 seats.<ref>[http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/schwartzberg/fullscreen.html?object=110 Schwartzberg Atlas]</ref>
 
==పాత్రికేత జీవితం==
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