== చరిత్ర ==
Balasore district was a part of the ancient [[Kalinga (India)|Kalinga]] and later became a territory of Toshala or Utkal, till the death of Mukunda Dev. It was annexed by Mughals in 1568 and remained as a part of their suzerainty up to 1750-51. Subsequently, the [[Maratha]]s of Nagpur occupied this part of Odisha and it came under the dominion of the Maratha Rajas. In 1803, this part was ceded to [[British East India Company|The British East India Company]] through the Treaty of Deogaon and it became a part of [[Bengal Presidency]] until 1912. But the first English Settlement came into existence in Balasore region in 1634 while [[Shah Jahan]] was the emperor at Delhi. The region was an early trading port for British, French and Dutch ships in the early age of Enlightenment and became a colonial part of first [[Danish India]] and later [[British India]]. The first of English factories was established in this region in 1640. During this period Dutch and Danish settlements were also found in this region.
Balasore as a separate district was created in October 1828 while it was in the Bengal Presidency. With the creation of Bihar province, Odisha was diverted along with Balasore district from Bengal to Bihar. With the creation of [[Odisha|Orissa]] as a separate State on 1 April 1936, Balasore became an integral part of the new state. The national movement of independence surged ahead with the visit of [[Mahatma Gandhi]] in 1921. Inchudi Salt Revolution (Lavana Satyagrah) and Srijang Satyagrah for non-payment of Revenue Tax are famous as part of the struggle for freedom movement. Praja Andolan was initiated against the ruler of Nilagiri State. In January 1948, the state of Nilagiri was merged with the state of Orissa and became a part of Balasore district. On 3 April 1993, Bhadrak Sub-division became a separate district.
In the early 17th century, Balasore was an important trading destination in the eastern coastline of India. Inhabitants of the place sailed to distant ports in [[Southeast Asia|south-east Asia]], especially to [[Laccadive|Lacadive]] and [[Maldives|Maldives islands]] for trade and culture. Copper coins excavated from Bhograi and statues of [[Gautama Buddha|Lord Buddha]] unearthed from places like Avana, Kupari, Basta & Ajodhya signify the existence of [[Buddhism]] in Balasore which was popular during the rule of Bhoumakar dynasty. The statues of [[Mahavira|Lord Mahavira]] found at Jaleswar, Balasore & Avana date back to the 10-11th century and show the existence of [[Jainism]] in the region.